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Samarbete mellan sjuksköterskor: -en litteraturstudie
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
2011 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Collaboration between nurses : A literature review (English)
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med denna litteraturstudie var att studera sjuksköterskors interprofessionella relation och se vad vetenskapen funnit om hur samarbete mellan sjuksköterskor definieras och vilka faktorer som påverkar. Begränsning gjordes till engelskspråkig litteratur där databaserna Pub med, Samsök, Cinahl och ScienceDirect valdes och ur denna uppkom 15 vetenskapliga artiklar. Sökorden som användes var collaboration, nurses, relationships. Resultatet visar att samarbete definieras som delad makt, tillit och interaktion. Även att finna en lösning som tillfredsställer båda parterna är samarbete. Vidare innebär det att vara medberoende med utbyte av tillgångar och även gemensam prestation. Faktorer som bidrar positivt till samarbete är att uppskatta och beundra skillnader i tro, normer, principer och värdegrunder. Att justera kommunikation beroende på mottagare samt erkännande av andras kompetens och skicklighet bidrog till ett bra samarbete. Tid, plats och vilja att lösa konflikter är nödvändigt för positivt samarbete. Kritik, aggression och att vara reaktiv är å andra sidan negativa faktorer som påverkar samarbete ogynnsamt. Även att inte hålla sig objektiv i konflikter och bli defensiv är misskrediterande för samarbete. Likaså att inte veta vad människor som du arbetar med förväntar sig av dig och otillräckliga regler för konfliktlösning i arbetsplatsen bidrar negativt till samarbete mellan sjuksköterskor.

Slutsatsen av detta arbete blir att mer forskning inom interprofessionell samarbete behövs, framförallt är det nödvändigt med ytterligare studier som systematiskt utvärderar samarbetsförbättringar som redan har tillämpats inom sjukvården.

 

Abstract [en]

The aim of this literature review was to study nurses inter professional relationship and see what science has found about how collaboration between nurses is defined and what factors influence. Limitations were made to English-speaking literature where the databases, Pub med, Samsök, Cinahl and Science Direct where chosen for the search and out of this came 15 scientific articles. The search words that were used were collaboration, nurses, and relationships. The results showed that collaboration is defined as shared power, trust and interaction. Similar to find a solution that satisfies both parties is collaboration. Further on it is to be co-dependent with exchange of assets and joint achievement. Factors that contribute positively to collaboration are to appreciate and admire differences in beliefs, norms, principles and bases of valuation. To adjust communication depending on the receiver and acknowledgement of others competence and abilities contributed to good collaboration. Time, space and desire to solve conflicts are also a necessity to positive collaboration. Criticism, aggression and to be reactive are on the contrary negative factors that affect collaboration unfavourable. Moreover, not to stay objectively in conflicts and become defensive is discrediting for collaboration too. At the same time, not knowing what people you work with expect from you, incompetent rules for conflict resolution at your work place contributes negatively to collaboration between nurses.

The conclusion of this work is that more research about inter professional collaboration is needed, above all is it necessary with studies that systematically evaluates collaboration improvements that have already been applied within hospital treatment.

 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. , p. 28
Keywords [en]
collaboration, nurses, relationships
Keywords [sv]
samarbete, sjuksköterskor, relationer
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-142538OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-142538DiVA, id: diva2:387683
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2011-01-17 Created: 2011-01-14 Last updated: 2011-01-17Bibliographically approved

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