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Coping vid bröstcancer - en fråga om livskvalitet
Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
2010 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Coping with breast cancer - a question of quality in life (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bröstcancer är den vanligaste cancerformen bland kvinnor över hela världen. Sjukdomen leder till en förändrad livssituation där stress och ångest blir en del av vardagen. Coping bidrar till en ökad psykisk, fysisk och social förmåga att hantera och leva med en sjukdom. Vilken copingstrategi som används är individuellt och utvecklas med tiden beroende på hur sjukdomsbilden ser ut samt vilka erfarenheter individer har sedan tidigare. Syftet med studien var att belysa hur kvinnor med bröstcancer hanterar sin livssituation genom coping för att uppnå bättre livskvalitet. Studien utfördes som en litteraturstudie där 14 vetenskapliga artiklar granskades. Resultatet påvisade att kvinnor med bröstcancer hanterade sin livssituation genom ett flertal betydelsefulla copingstrategier vilka var acceptans, optimism, humor, stöd, bortträngning, successiv bearbetning, aktivitet, kämparanda och andlighet. Det framkom att coping i stor utsträckning bidrog till att högre livskvalitet uppnåddes, livssituationen blev mer hanterbar samt att stress och oro reducerades. Sjuksköterskan ska främja livskvalitet hos patienter och bör därför inneha kunskaper om coping. Mer kvalitativ forskning inom området är önskvärt för att mer djupgående se vad coping har för effekter.

Abstract [en]

Breast cancer is the most common form of cancer among women worldwide. The disease leads to changes in their life as stress and anxiety becomes a part of everyday life. Coping provides an increased mental, physical and social ability to cope and live with a disease. Which coping strategy being used is individual and evolves over time, depending on past experiences and clinical picture. The purpose of this study was to elucidate how women with breast cancer manage their life trough coping in order to achieve better quality of life. The study was carried out as a literature study, 14 scientific articles were reviewed. The result demonstrate that women with breast cancer manage their life through a number of important coping strategies which were acceptance, optimism, humor, support, distraction, step by step, activity, fighting spirit and spirituality. It was shown that coping highly contributed to higher quality of life, everyday life was easier to handle and stress and anxiety was reduced. The nurse is obligated to work for quality of life in patients and should therefore possess knowledge about coping. More research in the area is desirable to get a more in depth view of the effects of coping.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. , p. 20
Keywords [en]
Breast cancer, coping, quality of life, women
Keywords [sv]
Bröstcancer, coping, kvinnor, livskvalitet
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-5338OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-5338DiVA, id: diva2:343270
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2010-08-13 Created: 2010-08-12 Last updated: 2010-08-13Bibliographically approved

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