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Response of the Gamma TIP Detectorsin a Nuclear Boiling Water Reactor
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
2010 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

In order to monitor a nuclear boiling water reactor fixed and movable detectors are used, such as the neutron sensitive LPRM (Local Power Range Monitors) detectors and the gamma sensitive TIP (Traversing Incore Probe) detectors. These provide a mean to verify the predictions obtained from core simulators, which are used for planning and following up the reactor operation. The core simulators calculate e.g. the neutron flux and power distribution in the reactor core. The simulators can also simulate the response in the LPRM and TIP detectors. By comparing with measurements the accuracy of the core simulators can be quantified. The core simulators used in this work are PHOENIX4 and POLCA7. Because of the complexity of the calculations, each fuel assembly is divided axially into typically 25 nodes, which are more or less cubic with a side length of about 15 cm. Each axial segment is simulated using a 2D core simulator, in this work PHOENIX4, which provides data to the 3D code, in this case POLCA7, which in turn perform calculations for the whole core. The core simulators currently use both radial pin weights and axial node weights to calculate the gamma TIP detector signal. A need to bring forward new weight factors has now been identified because of the introduction of new fuel designs. Therefore, the gamma TIP detector response has been simulated using a Monte Carlo code called MCNPX for a modern fuel type, SVEA-96 Optima2, which is manufactured by Westinghouse. The new weights showed some significant differences compared to the old weights, which seem to overestimate the radial weight of the closest fuel pins and the axial weight of the node in front of the detector. The new weights were also implemented and tested in the core simulators, but no significant differences could be seen when comparing the simulated detector response using new and old weights to authentic TIP measurements.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. , p. 47
Series
UPTEC F, ISSN 1401-5757 ; 10 042
Keywords [en]
TIP, BWR, gamma, detector, MCNP, POLCA
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-126969OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-126969DiVA, id: diva2:328179
Uppsok
Technology
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Available from: 2010-07-02 Created: 2010-07-01 Last updated: 2010-07-02Bibliographically approved

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