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Probiotika i små barns kost
Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
2010 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Probiotics in small children`s diet (English)
Abstract [sv]

Probiotika, nyttiga bakterier som är välgörande för människan, förekommer allt mer i olika produkter riktade till små barn – alltifrån droppar och kapslar till modersmjölksersättningar och grötar. Inom barnhälsovården saknar barnsjuksköterskan/ distriktssköterskan vägledning och riktlinjer angående probiotika i små barns kost. Syftet med litteraturstudien var att undersöka evidens angående probiotikas hälsoeffekter i preventivt syfte på friska små barn. Metoden var en litteraturstudie baserad på 20 vetenskapliga artiklar. Analysen resulterade i att probiotika var säkert att ge till friska små barn. Samtliga studier gav enhetligt resultat, att inga nackdelar fanns med att ge små barn probiotika. Inga negativa hälsoeffekter med probiotika kom fram i denna litteraturstudie. Positiva hälsoeffekter av stor betydelse fick barn som erhållit probiotika vid kolik, då snabb lindring inom en vecka framkom. Ett övervägande positivt resultat sågs vid användning av probiotika till små barn för att förebygga eksem. Probiotika minskade även frånvaron från dagis då infektionssjukdomar minskade hos barnen. Antibiotikaförskrivningen sjönk också hos de förskolebarn som fått probiotika. Probiotikas positiva hälsoeffekter kan användas till rådgivning och rekommenderas till små barn av barnsjuksköterskan/ distriktssköterskan inom barnhälsovården. Fördjupad forskning är önskvärd då utökad eller kombinationer av flera probiotiska bakteriestammar kan ge utökade hälsoeffekter.

Abstract [en]

Probiotics, beneficial and useful bacterias for the human body, occur more often in different products targeted to small children – in everything from drops and capsules to formula and porridge. Within the child health care, the pediatric- and the district nurse lacks guidance and guidelines concerning probiotics in small children's diet. The aim with the literature review was to examine evidence concerning probiotics health effects in prevention, in small children. The method was a literature review based on 20 scientific articles. The analysis resulted in that probiotics were safe to give to healthy small children. All studies gave uniformly results and showed no disadvantages with giving small children probiotics. No negative health effects were detected in this literature review. Positive health effects of great importance have shown be beneficial within treatment of colic with probiotics given to infants since relief occurred within a week. A predominately positive result was seen in use of probiotics to small children in order to prevent eczemas came to light. Probiotics also decreased absence from day care centers since infection diseases were reduced among the children. Antibiotic prescriptions also decreased when probiotics were used to pre-school children. The positive health effects of probiotics can be used for health recommendations to small children within the child health care by the pediatric- and the district nurse. Extended research is desirable since increased or and combinations of several probiotic bacterium stutters can give increased health effects.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. , p. 16
Keywords [en]
Child, Child Helath Care, Prevention, Probiotics
Keywords [sv]
Barn, Barnhälsovård, Prevention, Probiotika
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-4685OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-4685DiVA, id: diva2:323136
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2010-06-17 Created: 2010-06-09 Last updated: 2010-06-17Bibliographically approved

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