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Self care activities of patients with Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 in Ho Chi Minh City
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Caring Sciences.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
2010 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Egenvårdsaktiviteter hos patienter med Diabetes Mellitus typ 2 i Ho Chi Minh City. (Swedish)
Abstract [en]

Self care is very important for patients with diabetes type 2, as it can reduce complications. A proper and functioning self-care requires, clear and relevant information and instructions from the health care givers. Aim: The purpose of this study was to investigate the self care activities of patients with diabetes mellitus type 2 in Ho Chi Minh City and compare these between genders. Research questions: How do patients with diabetes mellitus type 2, in Ho Chi Minh City, practice self care activities (diet, exercise, blood sugar test, foot care, smoking, medication and self-care recommendation)? Are there any differences between genders concerning these self-care activities? Method: A descriptive and comparative cross-section design with a quantitative method was used. Dorothea Orem's theoretical framework was also used. The data was collected at the Department of Endocrinology and the Endocrinology Clinic, Choray hospital, in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. It was 100 participants who answered a questionnaire about their diabetes self-care activities. Results: Most of the participants had a good self-care of their diabetes type 2. A majority of the participants had got several self-care recommendations from their health-care givers concerning diet, exercise, medication and blood-glucose control. It was a significant difference between gender in favour for the male gender concerning the statements high fat food, participating in 30 minutes of exercise, check inside the shoes, dry between toes, counselling about stop smoking, tried herbal medicine as medication. Conclusion: The diabetes type 2 patients in Ho Chi Minh City need to get more information about self-care concerning blood-glucose, diet and exercise. Both genders need to adopt a healthy lifestyle into their daily life to reduce the risk of developing diabetes complications.

Abstract [sv]

Egenvården är mycket viktig för patienter med diabetes typ 2, eftersom den kan minska komplikationer. En optimal och väl fungerande egenvård kräver tydlig och relevant information och instruktioner från vårdpersonalen. Syfte: Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka egenvårdsaktiviteter hos patienter med diabetes mellitus typ 2 i Ho Chi Minh City och jämföra dessa mellan kön. Frågeställningar: Hur utför patienter med diabetes mellitus typ 2 i Ho Chi Minh City sina egenvårds aktiviteter (kost, motion, blodsocker test, fotvård, rökning, läkemedel och egenvårds rekommendationer)? Finns det någon skillnad mellan könen beträffande dessa egenvårdsaktiviteter? Metod: En beskrivande och jämförande tvärsnitts studie med kvantitativ metod har använts. Dorothea Orems egenvårdsteori har även använts. Data samlades in vid Institutionen för Endokrinologi och endokrinologi kliniken på Choray hospital, i Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. Det var 100 deltagare som besvarade ett frågeformulär med frågor om diabetes egenvårds aktiviteter. Resultat: De flesta deltagare hade en god egenvård av sin diabetes typ 2. En majoritet av deltagarna hade fått flera egenvårds rekommendationer från sin vårdgivare om kost, motion och medicinering. Det var en signifikant skillnad mellan könen med fördel för männen angående påståendena gällande fettrik mat, deltagande i 30 minuters träning, kontrollera insidan av skorna, torka mellan tårna, rådgivning om att sluta röka samt provat naturläkemedel som medicinering. Slutsats: Diabetes typ 2 patienter i Ho Chi Minh City behöver få mer information om egenvård av blodglukos, mat och fysisk träning. Båda könen behöver få en hälsosammare livsstil i sin vardag för att minska risken för komplikationer.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. , p. 47
Keywords [en]
Diabetes Mellitus type 2, Self Care, Ho Chi Minh City, Genders
Keywords [sv]
Diabetes Mellitus typ 2, Egenvård, Ho Chi Minh City, Kön
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-126200OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-126200DiVA, id: diva2:322414
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2010-06-07 Created: 2010-06-07 Last updated: 2010-06-07Bibliographically approved

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