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Egenvård - Vad är det?: Patienters uppfattningar om begreppet egenvård samt deras uppfattningar gällande information om egenvård
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
2010 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Syfte: Syftet har varit att beskriva hur patienter uppfattar begreppet egenvård samt deras uppfattningar gällande information om egenvård.

Metod: Empirisk studie med kvalitativ design. Strategiskt urval av åtta patienter som genomgått stamcellstransplantation. Datainsamling skedde genom semistrukturerade intervjuer.

Resultat: Patienter uppfattar att egenvård är att ta hand om sig så att den egna fysiska samt psykiska hälsan främjas, utan inblandning av sjukvården. De flesta patienter uppfattade att informationen om egenvård hade varit tillfredsställande. Dock förekom svårigheter med att koppla ihop begreppet egenvård med den information som givits om egenvårdande åtgärder. Ett fåtal av informanterna ansåg att informationen om egenvård hade varit av bristande kvalitet. Informanter upplevde svårigheter med att tillgodogöra sig informationen om egenvård. Kontinuerlig och upprepad information upplevdes som positivt. Personalens tillgänglighet samt möjlighet att ta sig tid värderades högt. Majoriteten av de intervjuade saknade ingen information om egenvård men däremot en förklaring av vad själva begreppet egenvård betyder.

Slutsats: På hematologkliniken används inte begreppet egenvård när information om egenvård ges till patienter. Därmed finns det ett behov av att definiera och tydliggöra vad begreppet egenvård innebär. Patienter värderar personalens tillgänglighet samt förmåga att ge individanpassad och upprepad information högt, eftersom det ökar förmågan att tillgodogöra sig informationen om egenvård.

Abstract [en]

Aim: The aim was to describe how patients perceive the concept of self-care and their perceptions concerning self-care information.  

Method: Empirical study of qualitative design. Eight patients undergoing stem cell transplantation was strategically selected.  Semi-structured interviews were used.

Results: Patients perceive that self-care is to take care of oneself in order to promote physical and mental health, without involvement of health care. Most patients felt that the need of self-care information had been content. Patients had difficulties in linking the concept of self-care with the information that had been given about self-care interventions. A few informants felt that the self-care information had been unsatisfactory. Informants experienced difficulties in assimilating the information. Continuous and repeated information was appreciated. The staff´s availability and  willingness to take time for the patient were valued highly. The majority of the interviewees did not lack any self-care information but were in need of an explanation of what the concept of self-care means.

Conclusion: The term self-care is not used when information about self-care is given. The concept of self-care needs to be defined. Staff availability and the ability to provide personalized and repeated information is appreciated, because it increases the ability to assimilate information about self-care.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. , p. 35
Keywords [en]
self-care, patient education, patient participation, hematological disease
Keywords [sv]
egenvård, patientundervisning, patientmedverkan, hematologisk sjukdom
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-126118OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-126118DiVA, id: diva2:322028
Presentation
(English)
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2010-06-03 Created: 2010-06-03 Last updated: 2010-06-03Bibliographically approved

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