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En kamp för livet: En kvalitativ studie av hivsmittade i Sverige
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
2010 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Sammanfattning

Syfte: Att få en fördjupad förståelse av hivsmittades erfarenheter av hur det är att leva med sjukdomen i Sverige.

Bakgrund: Sedan mitten av 1990-talet definieras hiv som en kronisk sjukdom till följd av bromsmedicinernas utveckling. Detta betyder att de som drabbas måste lära sig att leva med sjukdomen samt hantera omvärldens reaktioner och värderingar som kan vara av diskriminerande/stigmatiserande karaktär.

Design: En intervjustudie med kvalitativ ansats som utfördes under 2009.

Metod: Nio hivsmittade personer intervjuades och dessa intervjuer analyserades genom att tillämpa Grounded Theory.

Resultat: Resultatet synliggör hivsmittades erfarenheter av hur det är att leva med sjukdomen. Fyra kategorier framkom ur analysen; En livssjukdom, Omgivningens förhållningssätt till sjukdomen, Reglerad och spontan diskriminering/stigmatisering samt Strategier vid diskriminering/stigmatisering. Dessa kategorier kunde samtliga relateras till en övergripande kategori; En kamp för livet.

Slutsats: Studien har synliggjort att livet för hivsmittade kompliceras av psykosociala faktorer, bromsmedicinernas biverkningar och av den diskriminering/stigmatisering som de erfar. Beroende på vilka copingstrategier som de tillämpar för att hantera sin livssituation, har betydelse för deras hälsa och välbefinnande.

Abstract [en]

Abstract

Aim: To get a deeper understanding of HIV-infected peoples experiences on how it is to live with the illness in Sweden.

Background: HIV defines as a chronicle disease since the mid-1990s due to the medical development. As a result people that get infected have to carefully manage the illness and also cope with the surrounding world’s reactions and values that can be of discriminating/stigmatised nature.

Design: A qualitative interview study undertaken during 2009.

Method: Nine HIV-infected people were interviewed and the interviews were analysed using Grounded Theory.

Findings: The findings visualized HIV-infected people’s experiences on how it is to live with the illness. Four categories emerge from the analyses; A lifeillness, Surrounding attitudes toward the illness, Regulated and spontaneous discrimination/stigmatisation and Strategies due to discrimination/stigmatisation. These categories could all be related to one all-embracing category; A struggle for life.

Conclusion: The study has shown that psychological factors, the side effects caused by the medications and the discrimination/stigmatisation that they experience, complicate life for HIV-infected people. Depending on what kind of coping strategies they conform to handle circumstances of their life, invariably have consequences of their health and well-being.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. , p. 55
Keywords [en]
HIV, attitude, discriminate, stigma, coping strategies, Grounded Theory
Keywords [sv]
Hiv, attityd, diskriminering, stigmatisering, copingstrategier, Grounded Theory
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-125664OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-125664DiVA, id: diva2:320631
Presentation
(English)
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2010-06-01 Created: 2010-05-26 Last updated: 2010-06-01Bibliographically approved

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