Coloration Mechanism in Proton-Intercalated Electrochromic Hydrated NiOy and Ni1-xVxOy Thin Films
2009 (English)In: Journal of the Electrochemical Society, ISSN 0013-4651, E-ISSN 1945-7111, Vol. 156, no 8, p132-p138 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Electrochromic (EC) films of nickel oxide, with and without vanadium, were prepared by reactive dc magnetron sputtering. They were characterized by electrochemical and optical measurements and studied by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (PES) using synchrotron radiation. The films were analyzed under as-deposited conditions and after bleaching/coloration by insertion/extraction of protons from a basic solution and ensuing charge stabilization. Optical measurements were consistent with a coloration process due to charge-transfer transitions from Ni2+ to Ni3+ states. The PES measurements showed a higher concentration of Ni3+ in the colored films. Moreover, two peaks were present in the O 1s spectra of the bleached film and pointed to contributions of Ni(OH)(2) and NiO. The changes in the O 1s spectra upon coloration treatment indicate the presence of Ni2O3 in the colored film and necessitated an extension of the conventional model for the mechanism of EC coloration. The model involves not only proton extraction from nickel hydroxide to form nickel oxyhydroxide but also participation of NiO in the coloration process to form Ni2O3.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 156, no 8, p132-p138 p.
charge exchange, electrochemistry, electrochromism, intercalation compounds, nickel compounds, sputter deposition, synchrotron radiation, thin films, vanadium compounds, X-ray photoelectron spectra
Condensed Matter Physics Engineering and Technology
Research subject Solid State Physics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-122086DOI: 10.1149/1.3148327ISI: 000267798500076OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-122086DiVA: diva2:308423