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Notation as visual representation of sound-based music
KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Human Centered Technology, Media Technology and Interaction Design, MID. Kungl. Musikhögskolan, Institutionen för komposition, dirigering och musikteori. (Sound and Music Computing)ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1239-6746
2022 (English)In: Journal of New Music Research, ISSN 0929-8215, E-ISSN 1744-5027, Vol. 51, no 2-3, p. 186-202Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This text describes the musical evaluation of a hybrid music notation system that combines traditional notation with symbols and concepts from spectromorphological analysis. During three academic years from 2017 to 2020, three groups of composition students learned to work with sound notation, recreating and interpreting short electroacoustic music sketches based solely on their notation transcriptions – they had not heard the original sketches. The students’ score interpretations bore obvious similarities to the original music sketches and their written reflections showed that there were no major difficulties in understanding the notation although some difficulties existed concerning finding suitable sounds, especially sounds with stable pitch.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxfordshire: Informa UK Limited , 2022. Vol. 51, no 2-3, p. 186-202
National Category
Music
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-326849DOI: 10.1080/09298215.2023.2174144ISI: 000932171100001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85148068928OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-326849DiVA, id: diva2:1756641
Note

QC 20230522

Available from: 2023-05-12 Created: 2023-05-12 Last updated: 2023-10-10Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Sound Notation: The visual representation of sound for composition and analysis
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sound Notation: The visual representation of sound for composition and analysis
2023 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This compilation thesis details steps taken to develop and evaluate a new Sound Notation system for composition, analysis, and transcription with the capacity to describe all types of sound. Ideas from electroacoustic music analysis are combined with traditional notation to form a hybrid system. In this notation, all symbols are related to physical qualities in the sound, so that a person or a computer can identify the symbols from their sonification or musical interpretation.

Pierre Schaeffer early identified musique concrète's lack of music theory and music vocabulary as a major problem for its integration with music theory and musicology. Schaeffer, Denis Smalley, and later Lasse Thoresen would go a long way to provide the genre of electroacoustic music with classification, terminology, and graphical symbols for the benefit of its study. But if we are to think of music as a language, it becomes apparent that the lack of a shared inter-subjective notation system is a problem. Such a notation system would provide sound-based music with possibilities that were previously only afforded music based on pitch structures. This includes transcriptions and re-interpretations of musical works, notation-based ear-training and (computer-aided) composition.

Abstract [sv]

Denna sammanläggningsavhandling beskriver steg som tagits för att utveckla och utvärdera Sound Notation, ett nytt notationssystem för komposition, analys och transkription med kapacitet att beskriva alla typer av ljud. Idéer från elektroakustisk musikanalys kombineras med traditionell notation för att bilda ett hybridsystem. I denna notation är alla symboler relaterade till fysiska egenskaper i ljudet, så att en person eller en dator kan identifiera symbolerna från deras sonifiering eller musikaliska tolkning.

Pierre Schaeffer identifierade tidigt musique concrètes brist på musikteori och musikvokabulär som ett stort problem för dess integration med musikteori och musikvetenskap. Schaeffer, Denis Smalley och senare Lasse Thoresen skulle gå långt för att förse genren elektroakustisk musik med klassificering, terminologi och grafiska symboler till förmån för dess studium. Men om vi ska tänka på musik som ett språk blir det uppenbart att avsaknaden av ett delat intersubjektivt notsystem är ett problem. Ett sådant notsystem skulle ge ljudbaserad musik möjligheter som tidigare endast erbjöds musik baserad på tonhöjdsstrukturer. Detta inkluderar transkriptioner och omtolkningar av musikaliska verk, notationsbaserad gehörsträning och (datorunderstödd) komposition.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2023. p. xii, 63
Series
TRITA-EECS-AVL ; 2023:39
Keywords
notation, aural sonology, music analysis, electroacoustic music, computer-aided composition
National Category
Media and Communication Technology
Research subject
Media Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-327291 (URN)978-91-8040-576-8 (ISBN)
Public defence
2023-06-07, https://kth-se.zoom.us/j/62182993824, Nathan Milsteinsalen, Kungl. Musikhögskolan, Valhallavägen 105, Stockholm, 14:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

QC 20230523

Available from: 2023-05-23 Created: 2023-05-23 Last updated: 2023-06-06Bibliographically approved

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  • apa
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