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Bronchial Carcinoids
Uppsala University, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences.
2001 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Bronchial carcinois are subdivided into typical and atypical. Atypical carcinoids are more malignant, but typical carcinoids may also influence survival. In the present study immunohistochemistry was performed to identify prognostic markets in patients with typical bronchial carcinoids. The diagnostic efficacy of octreoscan was evaluated, in comparison with CT and bone scan, and finally our experience of treating patients with metastatic bronchial carcinoids is reported. In an unselected material of 43 patients with typical bronchial carcinoids, metastatic disease was found in 12 patients (28%). Five patients (12%) developed distant metastases and died from their disease. High Ki-67 index, as well as positive staining for bcl-2 or p53 was associated with de- creased survival time. Positive staining for CD44s, v7-8 and v9, as well as positive nuclear staining for nm23 correlated to decreased mortality. Staining for CD44 and Ki-67 should be performed routinely for prognostic evaluation in these patients.

Octreoscan positive tumors were found in altogether 20/28 patients (71%). The primary tumor was detectable in 81% and intrathoracic metastases in 78% of the patients on octreoscan; the corresponding figures for CT were 94% and 89% respectively. Liver metastases, as shown by CT, were demonstable by octreoscan in 64% of patients. Octreoscan showed 70% and bone scan 90% sensitivity for identification of bone metastases.

Plasma chromogranin A was elevated in 28/30 patients (94%) with metastatic bronchial carcinoids and was the most sensitive tumor marker. Increased urinary 5'HIAA was found in 68%.

Biotherapy with α-interferon and Octreotide relieved carcinoid syndrome in 7/16 patients. However, only 4/27 patients showed stable disease during median 15 months, while 23 patients progressed. Treatment with cisplatinum + etoposide resulted in an objective response or stable disease for 6-8 months in 3/8 patients with widespread tumors. Doxorubicin combined with streptozotocin or paclitaxel was associated with stable disease for 9 months in 2/2 patients each. All 7 patients treated with streptozotocin+5-FU progressed.

Among the 43 unselected typical bronchial carcinoid patients, 5-year and 10-year survival was 95% and 91%, respectively. The prognosis in patients with bronchial carcinoids showing distant metastases was poor: 5-year survival was 70% from diagnosis and 22% from treatment start.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis , 2001. , p. 75
Series
Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Medicine, ISSN 0282-7476 ; 1006
Keywords [en]
Medical sciences, Bronchial carcinoids, immunohistochemistry, prognostic markers, diagnosis, octreoscan, circulating hormones, treatment
Keywords [sv]
MEDICIN OCH VÅRD
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Research subject
Medicine
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-609ISBN: 91-554-4957-3 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-609DiVA, id: diva2:167270
Public defence
2001-03-30, Grönwallsalen, ing 70, Akademiska Sjukhuset, Uppsala, Uppsala, 13:15
Available from: 2001-03-09 Created: 2001-03-09Bibliographically approved

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