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The Finland-Swedish Wheel of Migration: Identity, Networks and Integration 1976-2000
Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
2004 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This dissertation examines the role in the migration process between Sweden and Finland of the Swedish-speaking minority group, the Finland Swedes. The causes underlying migration, as well as the integration of the group in Sweden, constitute the main focuses of the study.

It is concluded that Finland Swedes are over-represented in the total migration process from Finland to Sweden. As such, the process is culturally embedded in the group’s ethnic identity, which causes migration both through the practical minority situation in Finland, and through ethnic affinity with Sweden. Further causes include the substantial, circular networks of cultural, social and economic contacts between Sweden and Finland.

In the integration process, the transformation of the group’s ethnic identity is the central area of analysis. Initially, the ethnic affinity with Sweden is transformed into strengthened loyalties to Finland. As early as the first generation of migrants, however, the Finland Swedes enter into a process of assimilation in Sweden.

The migration process reveals the complex identity construction of the Finland Swedes. The ethnic identity is constituted of relations both towards the Finnish-speaking majority group, and towards Sweden as an extended Swedish-speaking area. The ethnic identity is mediated through national and personal identities, which are linked to both Sweden and Finland.

The findings have been produced within the methodological framework of critical realism, using a multiple-method research design. An individually based, statistical data set focused on the extension of the Finland-Swedish migration pattern, whereas an in-depth interview study was used to analyse the deeper causes of migration and integration.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Kulturgeografiska institutionen , 2004. , p. 87
Series
Geografiska regionstudier, ISSN 0431-2023 ; 61
Keywords [en]
Social and economic geography, Cultural migration, Integration and assimilation, Ethnic identity construction, Networks, Spatial identities, Finland Swedes
Keywords [sv]
Kulturgeografi
National Category
Human Geography
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-4723ISBN: 91-506-1788-5 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-4723DiVA, id: diva2:165580
Public defence
2005-01-14, Hörsal 2, Ekonomikum, Kyrkogårdsgatan 10, Uppsala, 10:00
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2004-12-16 Created: 2004-12-16Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Migration as a Cultural Expression?: The Case of the Finland-Swedish Minority’s Migration to Sweden
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Migration as a Cultural Expression?: The Case of the Finland-Swedish Minority’s Migration to Sweden
2003 In: Geografiska Annaler B, ISSN 0435-3684, Vol. 85, no 2, p. 67-84Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-92476 (URN)
Available from: 2004-12-16 Created: 2004-12-16Bibliographically approved
2. Direction Sweden: Finland-Swedish Migration Fields and Cognitive Distances
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Direction Sweden: Finland-Swedish Migration Fields and Cognitive Distances
In: Population, Place and Space, ISSN 1544-8444, p. 29-Article in journal (Refereed) Submitted
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-92477 (URN)
Available from: 2004-12-16 Created: 2004-12-16Bibliographically approved
3. Identity in Motion: The Process of Finland-Swedish Migration to Sweden
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Identity in Motion: The Process of Finland-Swedish Migration to Sweden
In: National Identities, ISSN 1460-8944, p. 27-Article in journal (Refereed) Submitted
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-92478 (URN)
Available from: 2004-12-16 Created: 2004-12-16Bibliographically approved
4. Finland-Swedish “Return” Migration to Sweden: The Dividing Line of Language
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Finland-Swedish “Return” Migration to Sweden: The Dividing Line of Language
In: Diasporic Homecomings: Ethnic Return Migrants in Comparative PerspectiveChapter in book (Other academic) Submitted
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-92479 (URN)
Available from: 2004-12-16 Created: 2004-12-16Bibliographically approved

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