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Sexual function in women with neurological disorders
Uppsala University, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience.
1999 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this investigation was to study sexual function in women with neurological disorders at fairly distinct and separate locations. The dissertation comprises descriptive, retrospective, quantitative studies on sexual functioning in women with hypothalamo-pituitary disorders (HPD) (n:48), multiple sclerosis (MS)(n:47), and insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) (n:42). The results werecompared with those in an age-matched control group (C) (n:42), and as reported by representative Swedish women (n:742) in the Swedish sex survey SiS). The studies were based on comprehensive interviews, neurological examinations, incl. Vibration Perception Thresholds (IDDM), concentrations of prolactin and testosterone in serum (HPD), and a checklist on life satisfaction (IDDM, C, and SiS).

Sexual dysfunction was prevalent in almost all women with HPD and MS, and in 40% of the IDDM group. The problem of insufficient vaginal lubrication was more common in those with neurological disorders than among women in the SiS group. Sexual problems caused by reduced libido and orgasmic difficulties were more commonin the HPD and MS groups than in the SiS group. In the HPD group, women with intrasellar adenomas had better sexual function than women having expansively growing pituitary adenomas with both intra- and suprasellar extension. Normal serum testosterone values correlated to masturbation activity. Amenorrhea and older age werecorrelated with sexual problems in all groups. In the MS group, symptoms of a weak pelvic floor and of bladder and bowel dysfunction were correlated with reduced lubrication and orgasmic ability. In the IDDM group, signs of autonomic neuropathy were correlated with sexual dysfunction. Concerning life satisfaction generally,proportionately fewer women with IDDM were satisfied or very satisfied, though differing significantly from the other two groups in only two domains of life: contacts with friends, and physical health.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis , 1999. , p. 78
Series
Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Medicine, ISSN 0282-7476 ; 873
Keyword [en]
Neurosciences, diabetes mellitus, hypothalamus, IDDM, libido, lubrication, menstruation, multiple sclerosis, orgasm, perception, perspiration, pituitary, prolactin, quality of life, satisfaction, sensation, sexual dysfunction, sexuality, testosterone, vibration
Keyword [sv]
Neurovetenskap
National Category
Neurology
Research subject
Neurology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-379ISBN: 91-554-4562-4 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-379DiVA, id: diva2:163713
Public defence
1999-11-12, Grönwallsalen,University Hospital, Entrance 70, Uppsala, Uppsala, 09:30
Available from: 1999-10-22 Created: 1999-10-22Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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