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Den isolerade medborgaren: Liberalt styre och uppkomsten av det sociala vid 1800-talets mitt
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
2003 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)Alternative title
Isolating citizens : Liberal governmentality and the birth of the social in mid-19th century Sweden (English)
Abstract [en]

The aim of the dissertation is to study the problem definitions and the governmental rationality of new activities aimed at reforming criminals, the poor and workers in Sweden during the mid-1800s. Three case studies analyse the solitary confinement penitentiary, the district visiting poor relief and the bildung-society for workers. A fourth case study analyses the introduction of crime statistics and prison photography.

I argue that these different activities were part of the historical process that have been characterised as ”the birth of the social” and the new governmental rationality, ”liberal governmentality”. The initiators presupposed that civilisation had negative behavioural consequences among the lower classes. At the same time they expressed optimism regarding new fostering instances and how such could be integrated to a mutually supporting network. The aims of the new reformatory principles were regularly described as capacities for self-reflection, self-regulation and self-control among the lower classes.

The dissertation shows that the new activities localised and defined a new set of problems and questions in terms of the social. ”Society” was what was to be protected as its ”inner” relationships were described as going through comprehensive historical changes. The ambition to lead, manage and organise the behaviours and values of the lower classes was even more far-reaching than was the desire to exert direct discipline. Order, well being and morals were integrated in a field of problems where effects on the lifestyles of the lower classes constituted the ultimate authoritative body.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Hedemora: Gidlunds förlag , 2003. , p. 332
Keywords [en]
History of science and ideas, birth of the social, liberal governmentality, moral technologies, liberal reformism, the solitary confinement penitentiary, criminal statistics, prison-photography, district visiting poor relief, the bildung-society for workers, the social question, mid 19th century Sweden
Keywords [sv]
Idé- och lärdomshistoria
National Category
History of Ideas
Research subject
History of Sciences and Ideas
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-3455ISBN: 91-7844-626-0 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-3455DiVA, id: diva2:162887
Public defence
2003-05-17, Sal IX, Universitetshuset, Uppsala, 10:15
Opponent
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Available from: 2003-04-25 Created: 2003-04-25 Last updated: 2015-02-13Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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  • de-DE
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Output format
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