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Molecular mechanisms involved in glioma cell interactions in vitro and studies of PDGF B transcript variants
Uppsala University, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Genetics and Pathology.
2000 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Glioblastoma multiforme is a malignant brain tumor characterized by heterogeneity.Interactions between heterogeneous tumor cells are supposed to affect the behavior of awhole tumor cell population. In this thesis an in vitro model system of clonal glioma celllines originating from one glioblastoma tumor was used, and the behavior of cells incocultures was studied and compared the behavior of cells grown separately. The resultsindicate the presence of two types of interactions. In one, paracrine signals acted via extra-cellular media. This was associated with increased growth of the whole co-culture followedby a selective force driving one clone to dominance. In the other type, the cell clones grewside by side without signs of paracrine signalling, in a balance resulting in an increasedterminal cell density. Further investigations focused on mechanisms of interactions in thiscombination.

Two cell clones were chosen, a GFAP+ and a GFAP-, for further experiments. Withdifferential display PCR it was possible to investigate their specific gene expressionpatterns. Seventeen cDNA fragments were differentially expressed, among them twocorresponded to known transcription factors, ATF3 and prox-1, one to a cytoskeletal protein,α-tropomyosin. The collection also contained eight ESTs (Expressed Sequence Tags) wherethe corresponding genes are unknown at present. Expression of the isolated sequences werealso analyzed in a panel of 12 different glioma cell lines and the results illustrate thecomplexity of gene expression and of tumor heterogeneity. Genes, the expression levels ofwhich were modulated in co-cultures and/or were cell density dependent, were alsoidentified.

PDGF B is suggested to play a role in sarcomas. The gene codes for an mRNA transcriptwith long UTRs, parts of which are deleted in the homologous oncogene v-sis. The UTRs ofPDGF B mRNAs in human sarcomas were investigated for deletions similar to v-sis thatmight result in increased protein levels. A new transcript variant was identified, lacking a149 base region in the 3'UTR, but its presence was not associated with increased levels ofprotein. Alterations in the 5'UTR were found more likely to be associated with increasedprotein levels.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis , 2000. , p. 70
Series
Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Medicine, ISSN 0282-7476 ; 954
Keywords [en]
Genetics, Tumor heterogeneity, glioma, differential display, PDGF B
Keywords [sv]
Genetik
National Category
Medical Genetics
Research subject
Pathology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-1252ISBN: 91-554-4804-6 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-1252DiVA, id: diva2:160813
Public defence
2000-10-07, Rudbecksalen, Akademiska sjukhuset, Uppsala, 09:15
Available from: 2000-09-16 Created: 2000-09-16 Last updated: 2018-01-13Bibliographically approved

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