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Capillary electroseparations in pharmaceutical analysis of basic drugs and related substances
Uppsala University, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry.
2001 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Capillary electroseparation methods are exciting new techniques with very broad application areas and vast potential in pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis.

To improve the limit of detection (LOD) capillary zone electrophoresis (CZE) has been combined with isotachophoretic (ITP) preconcentration in a single capillary. Using the ITP-CZE combination the LOD can be improved at least 100-fold. Laser-induced fluorescence (LIF) detection is more sensitive and more selective than the most common detection technique, UV, and the intensity and focusing capability of LIF fits well with the small dimensions in CZE. The total sensitivity enhancement attained for a new acetylcholinesterase inhibitor, NXX-066, by using ITP-CZE-LIF was more than 5500-fold compared to CZE-UV.

Capillary electrochromatography (CEC) combines the high separation efficiency of CZE with the vast possibilities to improve selectivity of HPLC. We have examined different ways to solve the problem of extensively tailing peaks and studied the influence of the mobile phase composition on the electrochromatographic performance for a number of tricyclic antidepressants and related quaternary ammonium compounds. (1) Adding aliphatic amines to the mobile phase in reversed phase CEC. The effect on the chromatographic performance was coupled to the hydrophobicity of the additive and the amine of our choice was dimethyloctylamine. (2) Silica-based cation exchangers with different pore sizes. The large-pore materials promoted pore flow, but this had no positive influence on the performance. The small-pore (highest surface area) particles gave the best selectivity. (3) Designing special continuous beds. As the bed is covalently attached to the capillary wall, problems related to retaining frits are avoided. The stationary phase most suitable for our analytes had a molar ratio of 1:80 between the functional ligands, vinyl sulphonic acid and isopropyl groups, respectively. The LOD was lowered 26000-fold by dissolving the sample in a low-conducting medium.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis , 2001. , p. 49
Series
Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Pharmacy, ISSN 0282-7484 ; 246
Keywords [en]
Pharmaceutical chemistry
Keywords [sv]
Farmaceutisk kemi
National Category
Medicinal Chemistry
Research subject
Analytical Pharmaceutical Chemistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-1088ISBN: 91-554-4908-5 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-1088DiVA, id: diva2:160630
Public defence
2001-02-15, Hörsal B42, Uppsala Biomedicinska Centrum, Husargatan 3, 751 23 Uppsala, Uppsala, 10:15
Available from: 2001-01-25 Created: 2001-01-25 Last updated: 2018-01-13Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
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