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Jurisdiktion och arbetsfördelning: Yrkesgruppers arbete med särskilt stöd i förskolan
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Department of Education. (PS-gruppen)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2945-9814
2020 (Swedish)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The overall aim of this licentiate thesis is to increase our knowledge about the division of labor in the work with children in need of special support in preschools as described by the occupational groups of preschool teachers and special educational needs coordinators (SENCOs). This is explored in two separate studies.

In the first study, the tasks, perceptions, and roles of SENCOs in preschools are examined. The study is part of a total population study where all SENCOs in Sweden (n = 4252) who were examined by the examination acts of the years 2001, 2007, and 2008 were sent a questionnaire. In a later phase of the procedure, the responses from SENCOs who work in preschools were extracted from the survey. These responses were analysed in Study I involving 523 participants. The results show that SENCOs’ working hours are primarily spent on consultation. SENCOs further report that they are able to influence their colleagues’ views on children's difficulties to a high degree. Most SENCOs in the study believe that the most important reason why children encounter difficulties in preschools is that preschools are poorly adapted to deal with children's differences. The results of this study are theoretically interpreted on the basis of Abbott's (1988) reasoning about jurisdictional control. Persson's (1998) two perspectives on different ways of understanding children's difficulties, namely a categorical and a relational perspective, are also used to interpret the results.

Study II analyses how preschool teachers describe which occupational group claims jurisdiction over the work with children in need of special support. The data consist of interviews with 15 preschool teachers. The analysis of the data is based on Abbott's (1988) division of professional work into three aspects: a) formulating a problem, b) reasoning about the problem, and c) treating the problem. The results show that the area where preschool teachers claim jurisdictional control is related to the formulation of the problem. Preschool teachers do not, on the other hand, seem to claim jurisdictional control over the part of professional work that concerns reasoning about the problem. The results show a contradictory image of the treatment of the problem. Preschool teachers sometimes describe themselves as claiming jurisdictional control over treatment and other times describe how SENCOs have jurisdiction over the treatment of the problem.

In the licentiate thesis, Abbott's (1988) reasoning about jurisdiction of occupational groups and Persson's (1998) categorical and relational perspectives for understanding children's difficulties are brought together and put in relation to different perspectives on inclusion.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Department of Education , 2020. , p. 90
Series
Pedagogisk forskning i Uppsala, ISSN 0348-3630 ; 170
Keywords [en]
children in need of special support, occupational groups, preschool teachers, special educational needs coordinators (SENCOs), jurisdiction, division of labor, inclusion, preschools
National Category
Pedagogy
Research subject
Education
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-416743OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-416743DiVA, id: diva2:1456186
Presentation
2020-09-25, Betty Pettersson, Blåsenhus, von Kraemers Allé 1, Uppsala, 13:15 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2020-08-26 Created: 2020-08-03 Last updated: 2020-08-31Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Yrkesgruppers anspråk på arbetet med barn i behov av särskilt stöd: En studie av jurisdiktion, arbetsfördelning och professionellt arbete i förskolan
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Yrkesgruppers anspråk på arbetet med barn i behov av särskilt stöd: En studie av jurisdiktion, arbetsfördelning och professionellt arbete i förskolan
2021 (Swedish)In: Educare, ISSN 1653-1868, E-ISSN 2004-5190, Vol. 4, p. 29-53Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study aims to illuminate preschool teachers describe which occupational groups – preschool teachers and special educational needs coordinators (SENCOs) – claim jurisdiction (i.e. the area that the professional group controls) over the work with children in need of special support. The data consist of interviews with 15 preschool teachers. The analysis is based on Abbott's (1988) division of professional work into three aspects: a) formulation of a problem b) reasoning about the problem and c) treating the problem. One area where preschool teachers claim jurisdictional control is related to the formulation of the problem. When it comes to the aspect of the professional work which concerns reasoning about the problem, the preschool teachers report that SENCOs claim jurisdictional control instead. The results show a less straightforward image of the treatment of the problem. Preschool teachers sometimes report themselves to claim jurisdictional control over treatment and other times report that SENCOs have jurisdiction over the treatment of the problem. In the discussion, jurisdiction is related to the various aspects of professional work with children in need of special support and the issue of inclusion. The fact that SENCOs seem to have a strong jurisdiction over treatment and expert knowledge of children’s perceived shortcomings could contribute to the preschool teachers renouncing responsibility for children in need of special support. Another conclusion is that preschool teachers need to be strengthened in their professional roles and that increased special educational knowledge could contribute to preschool teachers feeling more secure in their professional roles and thus are able to meet all children’s needs in preschool.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Malmö universitet, 2021
Keywords
children in need of special support, division of labor, inclusion, jurisdiction, preschool
National Category
Pedagogy Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-416739 (URN)10.24834/educare.2021.4.2 (DOI)
Available from: 2020-08-03 Created: 2020-08-03 Last updated: 2023-09-01Bibliographically approved
2. Working from a distance? A study of Special Educational Needs Coordinators in Swedish preschools
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Working from a distance? A study of Special Educational Needs Coordinators in Swedish preschools
2020 (English)In: Nordic Studies in Education, ISSN 1891-5914, E-ISSN 1891-5949, Vol. 40, no 1, p. 55-77Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Keywords
special educational needs coordinators (SENCOs); preschool; occupational role; profession; jurisdictional control
National Category
Pedagogy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-383410 (URN)10.23865/nse.v40.2128 (DOI)2-s2.0-85087841322 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-05-14 Created: 2019-05-14 Last updated: 2022-12-06

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