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Coulomb (Velocity) Gauge Recommended in Multiconfiguration Calculations of Transition Data Involving Rydberg Series
Malmö University, Faculty of Technology and Society (TS), Department of Materials Science and Applied Mathematics (MTM). Lund Univ, Dept Phys, Div Math Phys, SE-22100 Lund, Sweden..
Malmö University, Faculty of Technology and Society (TS), Department of Materials Science and Applied Mathematics (MTM).
Vilnius Univ, Inst Theoret Phys & Astron, Sauletekio Av 3, LT-10222 Vilnius, Lithuania..
Univ Libre Bruxelles, Chim Quant & Photophys, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium..ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4192-3875
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2019 (English)In: ATOMS, ISSN 2218-2004, Vol. 7, no 4, article id 106Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Astronomical spectroscopy has recently expanded into the near-infrared (nIR) wavelength region, raising the demands on atomic transition data. The interpretation of the observed spectra largely relies on theoretical results, and progress towards the production of accurate theoretical data must continuously be made. Spectrum calculations that target multiple atomic states at the same time are by no means trivial. Further, numerous atomic systems involve Rydberg series, which are associated with additional difficulties. In this work, we demonstrate how the challenges in the computations of Rydberg series can be handled in large-scale multiconfiguration Dirac-Hartree-Fock (MCDHF) and relativistic configuration interaction (RCI) calculations. By paying special attention to the construction of the radial orbital basis that builds the atomic state functions, transition data that are weakly sensitive to the choice of gauge can be obtained. Additionally, we show that the Babushkin gauge should not always be considered as the preferred gauge, and that, in the computations of transition data involving Rydberg series, the Coulomb gauge could be more appropriate for the analysis of astrophysical spectra. To illustrate the above, results from computations of transitions involving Rydberg series in the astrophysically important C IV and C III ions are presented and analyzed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2019. Vol. 7, no 4, article id 106
Keywords [en]
infrared spectra, spectrum calculations, multiconfiguration methods, Rydberg series, Rydberg states, electric dipole transitions, transition rates, Babushkin gauge, Coulomb gauge, length form, velocity form
National Category
Atom and Molecular Physics and Optics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-17260DOI: 10.3390/atoms7040106ISI: 000505580500009OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mau-17260DiVA, id: diva2:1430093
Available from: 2020-05-13 Created: 2020-05-13 Last updated: 2020-05-13Bibliographically approved

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Papoulia, AsiminaEkman, JörgenGodefroid, MichelGustafsson, StefanHartman, HenrikLi, WenxianSchiffmann, SachaJönsson, Per
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