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Individens erfarenheter av att leva med en bipolär sjukdom: En deskriptiv litteraturstudie
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Caring Science.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Caring Science.
2020 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Bipolär sjukdom är en psykisk sjukdom som påverkar sinnesläget hos individen och drabbar ca 1–2,4 % av den svenska befolkningen. Sjukdomen debuterar kring 15–35 årsåldern och diagnostiseringen sker ofta sent. Sjukdomen medför stora konsekvenser för såväl individen som för samhället.

Syfte: Att beskriva individens erfarenheter av att leva med en bipolär sjukdom.

Metod: Litteraturstudie med deskriptiv design. Artikelsökning utfördes i PubMed och psycINFO, vilket resulterade i 11 involverade artiklar, av både kvalitativ och kvantitativ ansats, vilka analyserades med en tematisk metod.

Huvudresultat: Fem teman identifierades i resultatet, upplevelse av bipolär sjukdom, upplevelse av stigma samt dess påverkan, upplevelse av medicinsk behandling och självmedicinering, viljan att fly samt copingresurser och copingstrategier. Att leva med en bipolär sjukdom upplevdes för många individer som en utmaning, ofta förekom ett substansmissbruk till följd av ett missnöje till ordinerad behandling. En problematik relaterat till ett stigma över sjukdomen uttrycktes frekvent. Stigmat var något som riskerade att individerna applicerade på sig själva.

Slutsats: Individer uppfattar den bipolära sjukdomen som påfrestande relaterat till; ett fluktuerande känsloliv, stigma och medicinering. För att hantera sjukdomen beskrevs ett socialt stöd vara viktigt, då känsla av tillhörighet ingav en motiverande kraft, även sjuksköterskan beskrivs ha en viktig motiverande roll. Att vårdrelationen baserades på respekt och frånvaro av stigma beskrevs vara en förutsättning för sjuksköterskans arbete till att främja individens hälsa.

Abstract [en]

Background: Bipolar disorder is a mental illness that affects the state of mind of the individual and affects about 1–2,4% of the swedish population. The disease debuts around the age of 15–35 and the diagnosis is often set late. The disease has major consequences for the individual as well as for society.

Aim: To describe individuals experiences of living with a bipolar disorder.

Method: Literature study with descriptive design. Search for involved articles where performed in PubMed and psycINFO, which resulted in a total of 11 articles, of both qualitative and quantitative approach, which were analyzed using a thematic method

Main result: Five themes were identified in the result, experience of bipolar disorder, experience of stigma and its work, experience of medical treatment and self-medication, the will to escape and coping resources and coping strategies. Living with a bipolar disorder was seen as a challenge for many individuals. Substance abuse were often described, related to a series of dissatisfaction with prescribed treatment. A problem related to a stigma over the disease were frequently expressed. The stigma were something that risked the individuals themselves, started to apply the prejudices to their own identity.

Conclusion: Individuals perceive the bipolar disorder as strenuous related to; fluctuating emotions, stigma and medication. To deal with the disease, social support describes being important, as a sense of belonging served as a motivating power. The nurse where also described as having an important motivating role. The fact that the nursing relationship were based on respect and absence of stigma were described as a prerequisite for the nurse's work to promote the individual's health.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2020. , p. 52
Keywords [en]
Bipolar disorder, Coping, Individual's experience, Stigma
Keywords [sv]
Bipolär sjukdom, Copingstrategier, Individers upplevelse, Stigma
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-32293OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-32293DiVA, id: diva2:1429535
Subject / course
Nursing
Educational program
Nursing
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2020-05-12 Created: 2020-05-11 Last updated: 2020-05-12Bibliographically approved

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