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Dyktekniken: Barnmorskors erfarenhet av att stödja den födande kvinnan till avslappning under värkarbete
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health.
2020 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: I Sverige bistår barnmorskan vid den normala förlossningen och har en nyckelroll i att stödja kvinnan till avslappning under förlossningen. Avslappning minskar känsligheten för förlossningssmärta och främjar förloppet. Det ingår i barnmorskans förhållningssätt och yrkeskunskap.

Syfte: Att beskriva barnmorskors erfarenhet av att stödja den födande till avslappning med dyktekniken under värkarbete.

Metod: Kvalitativ deskriptiv design med individuella intervjuer. Nio legitimerade barnmorskor som stött den födande kvinnan till avslappning med dyktekniken under värkarbete intervjuades.

Resultat: Resultatet beskrivs utifrån barnmorskans upplevelse och erfarenhet av att stödja födande kvinnor till avslappning med dyktekniken under värkarbete. Ett övergripande tema i analysen var hur dyktekniken är ett verktyg för barnmorskan att i barnafödandet stödja kvinnan till avslappning och för att göra hennes partner delaktig. Hur barnmorskan gjorde detta kan förstås genom följande kategorier som utkristalliserades genom analysen: dyktekniken ger positiva effekter för kvinnan och hennes partner i födandet, kvinnans förberedelse till att använda dyktekniken, dyktekniken stärker partnerns delaktighet samt barnmorskans förhållningssätt till dyktekniken.

Slutsats: Flera faktorer styr kvinnornas val att välja aktiv avslappning. De intervjuade barnmorskorna delade med sig av sina erfarenheter om att stödja den födande kvinnan till avslappning under värkarbete. Barnmorskorna informerade, guidade med ord och stödde aktivt kvinnan till djup avslappning för att hantera värkarna.

Abstract [en]

Background: In Sweden, the midwife manages normal childbirth. The midwife has a key role in supporting the woman to relax during birth. Relaxation reduces the sensitivity to labor pain and promotes the process. It is part of the midwife's approaches and professional knowledge.

Objective: To describe the midwives' experience of supporting the woman giving birth with the Dive Relaxation Method during the labor pain.

Method: A qualitative and descriptive design using individual interviews. Nine licensed midwives who have supported women during labor to relaxation with the dive relaxation method were interviewed.

Results: The result can be described on the basis of the midwife's experience and the experience of supporting women in labor to relaxation with the dive relaxation method during the labor pain. An overall theme in the analysis was how the method is a tool for the midwife to support the woman during childbirth to relaxation and to make her partner participate. How the midwife support the woman can be understood by the categories that were taken out of the analysis: the dive relaxation method has positive effects for the woman and her partner during childbirth, the woman's preparation for using the method, the method strengthens the partner's participations and the midwife's approach to the method.

Conclusion: Several factors control women's choice to choose active relaxation. The interviewed midwives shared their experience about supporting the woman to relaxation during labor pain. The midwives informed, guided with words and actively supported the woman to deep relaxation to manage the pain.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2020. , p. 38
Keywords [en]
experience, labor, relaxation, The Dive Relaxation Method, self-efficacy
Keywords [sv]
Avslappning, dykteknik, erfarenhet, förlossning, self-efficacy
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-408794OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-408794DiVA, id: diva2:1423235
Educational program
Midwifery programme
Presentation
, Uppsala
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2020-05-14 Created: 2020-04-14 Last updated: 2020-05-14Bibliographically approved

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