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Kinesiska investeringar i Sverige: från framgång till fara?
Utrikespolitiska Institutet, Stockholm, Sverige.
Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Tactical Warfare Division, Air Operations Section.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7290-2909
2020 (Swedish)In: Internasjonal Politikk, ISSN 0020-577X, E-ISSN 1891-1757, Vol. 78, no 1, p. 93-105Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [sv]

Under 2017 och 2018 ökade Kinas direktinvesteringar i Sverige avsevärt till följd av ett antal stora förvärv, mestadels i fordonsindustrin. Samtidigt har den svenska offentliga debatten kring kinesiska investeringar blivit mer kritisk sedan 2017, då investeringarna överlag talades om i positiva ordalag. Under 2018 och 2019 har en rad aktörer inom statliga myndigheter, politiska partier, media och civilsamhället beskrivit Kinas investeringar som ett potentiellt säkerhetshot. Näringslivsrepresentanter är mindre synliga i debatten men även här finns det en tydlig trend av ökad uppmärksamhet på potentiella säkerhetsrisker kopplade till kinesiska investeringar. Den svenska synen på Kina tycks konvergera allt mer med vad EU har kallat för sin nya ”mer realistiska” hållning gentemot Peking. Ett antal policyprocesser har inletts, vilket sannolikt kommer leda till att svensk lagstiftning stärks på flera områden för att öka kontrollen av Kinas investeringar och engagemang i Sverige, särskilt i kritisk infrastruktur såsom telekommunikationsnät men även vad gäller företag vars verksamhet anses som säkerhetskänslig i mer generell bemärkelse.

Abstract [en]

China’s direct investment in Sweden surged in 2017 and 2018 due to a number of large acquisitions, mostly in the automotive industry. At the same time, the public debate on Chinese investments has become more critical since 2017, when they were typically seen in a positive light. Throughout 2018 and 2019, a number of actors in government authorities, political parties, the media and civil society have described China’s investments as a potential security threat. Although less prominent in the public debate, business representatives have also become increasingly vocal about potential security risks associated with Chinese investment. The Swedish view of China seems to be aligning with what the EU has called its new “more realistic” approach to Beijing. Meanwhile, a number of policy processes have been launched which are likely to lead to the strengthening of existing legal frameworks to scrutinise Chinese investment and activity in Sweden, especially concerning critical infrastructure such as telecommunications networks, but also more generally concerning companies whose activities are regarded as sensitive from a security perspective.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cappelen Damm Akademisk, 2020. Vol. 78, no 1, p. 93-105
Keywords [sv]
Kina, investeringar, Sverige, säkerhet, granskning
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Krigsvetenskap
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-9040DOI: 10.23865/intpol.v78.1794OAI: oai:DiVA.org:fhs-9040DiVA, id: diva2:1392854
Available from: 2020-02-13 Created: 2020-02-13 Last updated: 2020-02-24Bibliographically approved

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