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Linking Self-Employment Before and After Migration: Migrant Selection and Human Capital
Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
2019 (English)In: Sociological Science, E-ISSN 2330-6696, Vol. 6, p. 609-634Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In linking self-employment before and after migration, the often-cited home-country self-employment hypothesis states that immigrants who come from countries with large self-employment sectors are themselves more likely to have been self-employed and hence have a higher propensity for self-employment in their destination country. Using Swedish data, this study shows that the first part of the hypothesis, that origin-country average rates of self-employment can be used to approximate individual experience, is false; but the second part, the connection between self-employment before and after migration, is true if the measurement is done on the individual level. Migrants who have been self-employed before migration accumulate entrepreneurial human capital, making future self-employment a more desirable labor market alternative vis-a-vis wage employment. But because of migrant selection, this association cannot be captured by aggregate measures, and this is the reason why the home-country self-employment hypothesis, although intuitive, has underperformed in previous empirical tests.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Society for Sociological Science , 2019. Vol. 6, p. 609-634
Keywords [en]
migration; entrepreneurship; human capital; event-history analysis; Level-of-Living Survey
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology) International Migration and Ethnic Relations
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-163260DOI: 10.15195/v6.a23ISI: 000506214200001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-163260DiVA, id: diva2:1390963
Note

Fulltext published under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

Available from: 2020-02-03 Created: 2020-02-03 Last updated: 2020-02-04Bibliographically approved

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Tibajev, Andrey
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REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and SocietyFaculty of Arts and Sciences
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)International Migration and Ethnic Relations

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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Output format
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