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A flood-risk-oriented, dynamic protection motivation framework to explain risk reduction behaviours
Climate Policy Group, Department of Environmental Systems Science, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH Zurich), 8092 Zurich, Switzerland.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, LUVAL. Centre of Natural Hazards and Disaster Science, Uppsala, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4364-4119
Department of Land, Environment, Agriculture and Forestry, University of Padua, 35122 Padua, Italy.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, LUVAL. Centre of Natural Hazards and Disaster Science, Uppsala, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8180-4996
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2020 (English)In: Natural hazards and earth system sciences, ISSN 1561-8633, E-ISSN 1684-9981, Vol. 20, no 1, p. 287-298Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Private risk reduction behaviours can significantly reduce the negative impacts of flooding and flash floods. Over the past decades, researchers have used various socio-cognitive models or threat and coping mechanisms to explain individual protective behaviours. However, these models ignore the fact that people are not equally ready to act upon a danger, and they (the models) give limited insights into the effectiveness of communication strategies to foster risk reduction behaviours. Therefore, we explored the current state of homeowners' readiness to undertake risk reduction behaviours in flood risk areas by applying a dynamic protection motivation framework. We conducted a survey in an Italian municipality that experienced severe flash flooding in September 2018. The results show that people are motivated by different factors in prompting risk reduction behaviour based on their chosen types of protective measures. For example, people that undertook structural or avoidance measures are more likely to be motivated to protect themselves by increased perceptions of vulnerability and response efficacy and are less worried about expected flood losses compared to people that undertook only basic emergency measures. In this paper, we argue how these new insights contribute to targeting flood risk communication strategies to groups of individuals characterized by different readiness stages and motivations to protect themselves.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Copernicus Gesellschaft mbH , 2020. Vol. 20, no 1, p. 287-298
National Category
Sociology Applied Psychology
Research subject
Hydrology; Sociology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-403727DOI: 10.5194/nhess-20-287-2020ISI: 000509388300001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-403727DiVA, id: diva2:1390930
Available from: 2020-02-03 Created: 2020-02-03 Last updated: 2020-03-09Bibliographically approved

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Mondino, ElenaDi Baldassarre, Giuliano
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