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Krigsguden Tyr och Tissø
Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, History of Religions.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5563-4065
2016 (Swedish)In: Chaos: skandinavisk tidsskrift for religionshistoriske studier, ISSN 0108-4453, E-ISSN 1901-9106, Vol. 66, no 2, p. 65-90Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The War god Tyr and Tissø This article discusses the archeological site Tissø on western Zealand, Denmark, and some possible interpretations of it, from a perspective of comparative religion. It includes an empirical and comparative analysis of the Old Norse source material and, to some extent, the continental Germanic and other Indo-European material. The place name has been interpreted as “The lake of Tyr”, i.e. “The lake dedicated to Tyr”, and deposited weapons have been found in the lake. Some of the previous interpretations of the god Tyr have built their arguments upon the etymological connection to Indo-European words for “heaven/ celestial” and “god”, but the Old Norse sources have not been taken satisfactory into consideration; the Old Norse material only speaks of Tyr as a god of war. The comparative Indo-European etymological material indicates that his function as sky god is archaic, while the martial traits shared with the continental Germanic and Celtic counterparts, prove that this characteristic must have evolved at an early stage. The presence of weapons in the lake and the place name show congruence with the character of the god, who’s name is given to the lake.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 66, no 2, p. 65-90
Keywords [en]
Tyr, war god, Old Norse religion, Old Norse mythology, archaeology, nature mythology, comparative religion
National Category
History of Religions
Research subject
History of Religion
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-178562OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-178562DiVA, id: diva2:1390882
Available from: 2020-02-03 Created: 2020-02-03 Last updated: 2020-02-20Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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