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Barnmorskors erfarenheter av tonårsgraviditeter: En systematisk litteraturöversikt
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
2020 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Barnmorskan ska assistera den gravida kvinnan under graviditet och förlossning genom undervisning, vägledning och uppmuntrande stöttning. Denna studie behandlar förhållande och attityder, delande av livsvärld, mellan barnmorskor och tonårsgraviditeter. Syfte med studien var att belysa barnmorskors erfarenhet av att vårda tonåringar. Metod: En kvalitativ systematisk litteraturstudie har genomförts. Åtta artiklar som belyser barnmorskors erfarenhet av att vårda och förlösa tonåringar har analyserats med kvalitativ innehållsanalys med manifest ansats. Studien resulterade i två huvudkategorier med vardera efterföljande tre subkategorier: Barnmorskans önskan att vårda den gravida tonåringen: Att ta den gravida tonåringen på allvar, att vara en viktig person för den gravida tonåringen och att ta hand om den gravida tonåringen. Barnmorskans uppfattning av den gravida tonåringen: ett nytt sammanhang, den oförberedda gravida tonåringen, den gravida tonåringen och hennes kultur. Slutsats Barnmorskors erfarenheter av att vårda tonåringar visade på en stor variation. Barnmorskor tog ”vårdandet” på allvar samtidigt som det uppstod komplexa situationer i samband med ”varandet´” tillsammans med den gravida tonåringen. Ökade kunskaper om den delade livsvärlden kan leda till att tonåringar får ett hälsofrämjande bemötande samt att barnmorskan får redskap till att vårda och förlösa den unga kvinnan på ett betydelsefullt sätt.

Abstract [en]

Background: The midwife shall assist the pregnant woman during her pregnancy and delivery, educating, guiding and encouraging her. This study treats relations and attitudes, a sharing of life-world, between midwives and pregnant teenagers.The aim of the study was to illustrate midwives’ experiences from caring for teenage mothers.Metode:Through a qualitative systematic study of eight selected scientific articles, two categories, each with three sub-categories, were established: The midwife’s desire to care for the pregnant teenager: take the pregnant teenager seriously, to be an important person to the teenager, take care of the pregnant teenager;  The midvife’s impressions of the pregnant teenager: a new context, the unprepared pregnant teenager, the pregnant teenager and her culture.Conclusions: The midwives’ experiences of caring for teenage mothers showed forth a great variation. Midwives were serious in their “caring for” while, at the same time, complex situations appeared in the “being with” the pregnant teenagers.Increased knowledge about the shared life-world can result in respectful caring for the teenage mother, as it can provide the tools for the midwife required to deliver the teenage mother’s baby in a respectful and meaningful way. 

 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2020. , p. 45
Keywords [en]
Experience, Midwifery, Teen pregnancy, Adolescent, Shared life-world
Keywords [sv]
Erfarenheter, Barnmorskor, Tonårsgraviditet, Tonåringar, Födsel, Delad livsvärld
National Category
Health Care Service and Management, Health Policy and Services and Health Economy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-91360OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-91360DiVA, id: diva2:1388960
Educational program
Midwifery Programme, 90 credits
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2020-01-28 Created: 2020-01-28 Last updated: 2020-01-28Bibliographically approved

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