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Patienters uppfattningar om ronder vid sängkanten: En allmän litteraturöversikt
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
2020 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Patientdelaktighet är ett koncept som myntades i vårdlitteraturen under 1960-talet. Detta är en betydande faktor i en av sjuksköterskans kärnkompetenser: personcentrerad vård. Ett arbetssätt som inom aktuell forskning har argumenteras eventuellt kunna främja detta är ronder vid sängkanten. En annan fördel som framkommit i tidigare forskning är den positiva effekten på det interprofessionella samarbetet. Det har dock framkommit en del hinder med denna typ av rond, och forskning inom ämnet är otillräcklig.

Syfte: Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka patienters uppfattningar om ronder som utfördes vid sängkanten.

Metod: En allmän litteraturöversikt användes som studiedesign. Översikten innefattade tio originalartiklar, RCT (randomiserade kontrollerade studier) och artiklar av kvasiexperimentell design. Sökningen genomfördes i databaserna Pubmed, CINAHL, Web of Science Core Collection, SveMed+ och Statens beredning för medicinsk och social utvärdering [SBU]. Valda artiklar kvalitétsgranskades med mallar som modifierades för detta arbete.

Resultat: Patienterna rapporterade ett gott bemötande, en hög nivå av delaktighet i vården, ett gott samarbete mellan vårdpersonalen, kommunikationen som god, en god förståelse om sin hälsa och vården, god tilltro till vårdpersonalen och en hög generell tillfredsställelse. Slutsatser kunde inte dras gällande uppfattningen om avskildhet.

Slutsats: Patienterna hade i regel positiva uppfattningar av ronder utförda vid sängkanten. Då vissa negativa uppfattningar dock rapporterats krävs ytterligare forskning för att implementering av bedside-ronder i vården skall vara etiskt och vetenskapligt motiverat.

Abstract [en]

Background: Patient participation is a relatively new concept established during the 1960s. This is an important component in nursing that plays a pivotal role in one of the nursing core competence descriptions: patient-centered care. It has been indicated by research that bedside rounds may have a positive effect in promoting patient centered care. Another benefit that has been introduced in previous research is a positive effect on interprofessional teamwork. Despite this there are some perceived barriers that have emerged regarding bedside-rounds, therefore research in this topic is insufficient.

Aim: The purpose of this study was to explore patients perceptions of bedside rounds.

Method: The study design used was a literature review, comprised of ten original articles. The articles included in this study were either randomized controlled trials or of a quasi experimental design. The search was conducted with the means of Pubmed, CINAHL, Web of Science Core Collection, SveMed+ and SBU (Swedish Agency for Health Technology Assessment and Assessment of Social Services). The articles included in the study were then reviewed for their quality using guides that were modified for this study.

Result: The patients experienced a good reception from health personnel, a high level of involvement in care, good teamwork between the health personnel, good communication, a good understanding of their health, high levels of trust in the health personnel and a high general satisfaction. No conclusions could be drawn regarding experienced integrity.

Conclusion: In general, the patients had a positive perception of bedside-rounds. Despite this some negative perceptions were also reported. This indicates that there is a need for further scientific and ethical research to provide sufficient proof that bedside-rounds should be implemented in healthcare.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2020. , p. 32
Keywords [en]
Bedside-rounds, patient-centered care, patient-perspective, interprofessional teamwork
Keywords [sv]
Rond, patientnära, personcentrerad vård, patientperspektiv, interprofessionellt arbete
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-403182OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-403182DiVA, id: diva2:1388514
Subject / course
Caring Sciences
Educational program
Registered Nurse Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2020-01-27 Created: 2020-01-24 Last updated: 2020-01-27Bibliographically approved

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