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Environmental Impact of E-Commerce Logistics: When is Home Delivery More Efficient than Collection-Delivery Points?
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, System Analysis and Economics.
2019 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Miljöpåverkan av e-handelslogistik : När är hemleverans mer effektivt än leverans via utlämningsställe? (Swedish)
Abstract [en]

In the literature on B2C logistics of e-commerce, the two main delivery methods - home delivery and delivery to collection-delivery points (CDPs) - have rarely been compared with respect to their environmental effects. This is the case despite a growing e-commerce and the fact that the logistic part of the transportation sector stands for a great amount of the pollution in urban areas. In this report, the two delivery methods have been compared to each other with respect to their environmental impacts through a custom-made network impact model, including simulation using vehicle routing problems (VRPs) and a cross-nested logit model. The results show that one delivery method's advantage over the other (only regarding emissions) is strongly dependent on the distance to the distribution center (DC), the customer density, the density of CDPs and the demographics of that area. Home deliveries proved to be more sensitive to the customer density factor and the distance to the DC than CDP deliveries.

Abstract [sv]

I litteraturen om e-handelslogistik har de två huvudsakliga leveransmetoderna -- hemleverans och leverans till utlämningsställe (CDP) -- sällan jämförts med avseende på deras miljöeffekter. Detta trots en växande e-handel och faktumet att logistikdelen av transportsektorn står för en stor del av föroreningarna i städer. I denna rapport har de två leveransmetoderna jämförts med avseende på deras miljöpåverkan genom en skräddarsydd modell, som bygger dels på simulering med hjälp av ruttplaneringsproblem (VRP) och dels på en korsnästad logitmodell (CNL). Resultaten visar att vilken leveransmetod som presterar bäst (räknat utifrån lägst utsläpp), är starkt beroende av avståndet till distributionscentret (DC), kundtätheten, tätheten av utlämningsställen och områdets demografi. Hemleveranser visade sig vara mer känsliga för kundtätheten och avståndet till distributionscentret än leveranser via utlämningsställe.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019.
Series
TRITA-ABE-MBT ; 19626
Keywords [en]
B2C, e-commerce, logistics, delivery, CDP, external, effects, environmental, emission, VRP, CVRP" CNL, Logit
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-266888OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-266888DiVA, id: diva2:1388429
Subject / course
Traffic and Transport Planning
Educational program
Master of Science - Transport and Geoinformation Technology
Presentation
2019-08-23, 00:00
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2020-01-24 Created: 2020-01-24 Last updated: 2020-01-24Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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