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The New Tree of Eukaryotes
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Organismal Biology, Systematic Biology. Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
Dalhousie Univ, Dept Biochem & Mol Biol, Halifax, NS, Canada;Dalhousie Univ, Ctr Comparat Genom & Evolutionary Bioinformat, Halifax, NS, Canada.
Mississippi State Univ, Dept Biol Sci, Mississippi State, MS 39762 USA;Mississippi State Univ, Inst Genom Biocomp & Biotechnol, Mississippi State, MS 39762 USA.
Dalhousie Univ, Ctr Comparat Genom & Evolutionary Bioinformat, Halifax, NS, Canada;Dalhousie Univ, Dept Biol, Halifax, NS, Canada.
2020 (English)In: Trends in Ecology & Evolution, ISSN 0169-5347, E-ISSN 1872-8383, Vol. 35, no 1, p. 43-55Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

For 15 years, the eukaryote Tree of Life (eToL) has been divided into five to eight major groupings, known as 'supergroups'. However, the tree has been profoundly rearranged during this time. The new eToL results from the widespread application of phylogenomics and numerous discoveries of major lineages of eukaryotes, mostly free-living heterotrophic protists. The evidence that supports the tree has transitioned from a synthesis of molecular phylogenetics and biological characters to purely molecular phylogenetics. Most current supergroups lack defining morphological or cell-biological characteristics, making the supergroup label even more arbitrary than before. Going forward, the combination of traditional culturing with maturing culture-free approaches and phylogenomics should accelerate the process of completing and resolving the eToL at its deepest levels.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ELSEVIER SCIENCE LONDON , 2020. Vol. 35, no 1, p. 43-55
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Evolutionary Biology
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URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-402955DOI: 10.1016/j.tree.2019.08.008ISI: 000504400600007PubMedID: 31606140OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-402955DiVA, id: diva2:1387649
Funder
Swedish Research Council, VR-2017-04563Swedish Research Council Formas, 201701197Science for Life Laboratory - a national resource center for high-throughput molecular bioscienceCarl Tryggers foundation Available from: 2020-01-22 Created: 2020-01-22 Last updated: 2020-01-22Bibliographically approved

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