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Att leva med långvarig smärta: en litteraturöversikt av patienters upplevelse
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences.
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Långvarig smärta är ett stort problem världen över. Egenvård är en viktig faktor för hanteringen av smärta för att uppnå livskvalitet.

Syfte: Syftet var att undersöka patienters upplevelse av att leva med och hantera den långvariga smärtan i det dagliga livet.

Metod: En allmän litteraturöversikt baserad på 15 kvalitativa artiklar, analyserade med en innehållsanalys med en manifest ansats.

Resultat: Acceptans upplevdes vara det första steget mot hanteringen av smärta. Att leva med långvarig smärta upplevdes påverka både fysiska och psykiska aspekter. Genom att utöva egenvård upplevdes hanteringen av den långvariga smärtan underlätta. Patienterna upplevde ett behov av stöd från familj, vänner och hälso-och sjukvård.

Diskussion: Upplevelsen av att leva med långvarig smärta i det dagliga livet varierade och det fanns både positiva och negativa erfarenheter.

Slutsats: Hanteringen av smärta visade sig vara en pågående process. Om sjuksköterskan har kunskap och kompetens om hur patienterna upplever sitt långvariga tillstånd så kan det vara lättare att förstå och vägleda dessa patienter. Det ger en kunskap om hur patienterna kan uppleva smärt situationen och hanteringen av smärtan.

Abstract [en]

Background: Chronic pain is a major problem worldwide. Self-care is an important factor when it comes to managing pain to achieve quality of life.

Aim: The purpose was to investigate patients' experience of living with and manage the chronic pain of daily life.

Method: A general literature review based on 15 qualitative articles, analyzed with a qualitative content analysis with a manifest approach.

Result: Acceptance was perceived to be the first step towards the management of pain. Living with long-term pain was felt to affect both physical and mental aspects. By practicing self-care, the management of the chronic pain was made easier. Patients experienced a need for support from family, friends and healthcare.

Discussion: The experience of living with chronic pain in daily life varied and there were both positive and negative experiences.

Conclusion: The management of pain proved to be an ongoing process. If the nurse has knowledge and skills about how patients experience their chronic condition, it may be easier to understand and guide these patients. It provides a knowledge of how patients can experience the pain situation and the management of pain.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 39
Keywords [en]
Acceptance, Chronic pain, Patients' experience, Pain management, Self-care, Support
Keywords [sv]
Acceptans, Egenvård, Långvarig smärta, Patienters upplevelse, Smärthantering, Stöd
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-38264OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-38264DiVA, id: diva2:1387369
Subject / course
Nursing Science OM1
Educational program
Nursing Programme VSSKG 180 higher education credits
Supervisors
Examiners
Note

Examinationsdatum: 2019-12-04

Available from: 2020-01-21 Created: 2020-01-21 Last updated: 2020-01-21Bibliographically approved

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Lisselmo Uppling(858 kB)10 downloads
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