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ATT KÄNNA SIG ANNORLUNDA: En litteraturstudie om barns upplevelser av att leva med diabetes typ 1
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
2020 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
FEELING DIFFERENT : A Literature Study of Children's Experiences of Living with Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: ​Diabetes mellitus typ 1 är den vanligaste typen av diabetes hos barn. Barn med kronisk sjukdom upplever att de inte har möjlighet att delta i aktiviteter på grund av sitt hälsotillstånd. Barn är ofta rädda när de får sin diagnos eftersom de inte vet vad diabetes är. 

Syfte: ​Att beskriva barns upplevelser av att leva med diabetes mellitus typ 1.

Metod: ​En kvalitativ litteraturstudie med induktiv ansats. Inklusionskriterierna var “peer reviewed”, årsintervall 2009-2019, artiklar skrivna på svenska, engelska eller översatta till engelska och barn under 18 år som har diabetes mellitus typ 1. Dataanalysen grundades på Evans analysmetod där tre teman och sju subteman framkom.

Resultat:​ Diabetes mellitus typ 1 gav nya utmaningar och känslor hos barnen. Sjukdomen innebar en förändrad livsstil som var svår att anpassa sig till och kunde upplevas som orättvis. Sjukdomen gjorde att andra såg dem som annorlunda och de var själva rädda för att inte passa in. Socialt stöd var viktig och bidrog till positiva upplevelser och stärkte barnens självkänsla. 

Slutsats: ​Barnen upplever att de är annorlunda och hamnar utanför på grund av sin sjukdom. Genom att sjuksköterskan utgår ifrån en individanpassad vård där barnets livsvärld är i fokus kan vården formas efter barnets behov. Att träffa andra barn med DM1 kan troligen hjälpa barnen att känna sig mindre ensamma.

Abstract [en]

Background: Diabetes mellitus type 1 is the most common type of diabetes in children. Children with chronic illness feel that they are unable to participate in activities because of their health condition. Children are often scared when they are diagnosed because they do not know what diabetes is.

Purpose: To describe children's experiences of living with type 1 diabetes mellitus.

Method: A qualitative literature study with inductive approach. The inclusion criteria were “peer reviewed”, annual interval 2009-2019, articles written in Swedish, English or translated into English and children under 18 who have diabetes mellitus type 1. The data analysis was based on Evans's method of analysis where three themes and seven sub themes emerged.

Results: Diabetes mellitus type 1 brought new challenges and emotions in the children. The disease meant a changed lifestyle that was difficult to adapt to and could be perceived as unfair. The disease caused others to see them as different and they were afraid not to fit in. Social support was important and contributed to positive experiences and strengthened children's self-esteem.

Conclusion: The children feel that they are different and are excluded because of their illness. Because the nurse is based on individualized care where the child's lifeworld is in focus, care can be shaped according to the child's needs. Meeting other children with DM1 can help children feel less alone.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2020. , p. 23
Keywords [en]
children, diabetes mellitus type 1, experiences
Keywords [sv]
barn, diabetes mellitus typ 1, upplevelser
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-91097OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-91097DiVA, id: diva2:1387356
Subject / course
Vårdvetenskap
Educational program
Nursing Programme, 180 hp
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2020-01-29 Created: 2020-01-21 Last updated: 2020-01-29Bibliographically approved

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