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från polisutbildning till polispraktik: polisstudenters och polisers värderingar av yrkesrelaterade kompetenser
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
2020 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)Alternative title
from police education to police practice : police students’, and policeofficers’ perceptions of professional competences (English)
Abstract [en]

The aim of this dissertation is to build knowledge about the transition from an educational to an occupational context. More specifically, the dissertation focuses on the transition from police education to police practice by studying the way police students and police officers perceive the importance of a number of professional competences related to their future occupations. The aim is also to study whether the importance of these competences has changed between the time of their police education and their work as police officers and to what extent the respondents perceive that police education contributed to the development of these competences.

Methodologically, this dissertation is in some parts based on cross-sectional data. In other parts, it is based on longitudinal data and uses a combination of both quantitative and qualitative data. The quantitative data are based on questionnaires given to police students at the beginning and end of their police education and to police officers after a few years of police practice. The questionnaire used in sub studies B, C and D is part of the European cooperation project called Recruitment, Education, and Career in the Police (RECPOL). The qualitative data are based on interviews. Theoretically, a frame factor perspective is used to analyse and understand the dissertation’s empirical data.

The results show a change in the way the respondents perceive the importance of the studied competences over time. The police students generally valued theprofessional competences higher at the beginning of their education and significantly lower at the end of their education. As police officers, however, they valued the importance of these competences almost as high as they did at the beginning of their education. The results show small differences between how male and female police students and police officers valued these competences. When the respondents reflected on the reasons why the significance of the competences changed over time, different themes emerged. The results also show that police education’s contribution to the development of these competences is clearly lower than the extent to which they are perceived as important for work as police officers. In the interviews, reflections on the reasons for this indicated a discrepancy between the educational and occupational contexts.

One conclusion is that police students at the end of their education need to better understand that they have not fully learnt everything they need to know and that they are becoming police officers with the capacity to continue developing professionally and contributing to the police as a learning organization.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå universitet , 2020. , p. 53
Series
Akademiska avhandlingar vid Pedagogiska institutionen, Umeå universitet, ISSN 0281-6768 ; 126
Keywords [en]
Police students, police officers, professional competences, framefactor perspective, gender, educational and occupational context
National Category
Pedagogy
Research subject
education
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-167442ISBN: 978-91-7855-184-2 (print)ISBN: 978-91-7855-185-9 (electronic)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-167442DiVA, id: diva2:1387291
Public defence
2020-02-14, NBVH 1031, Norra Beteendevetarhuset, Umeå, 10:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

Delstudie A har titeln "Från student till yrkesverksam polis - mental träning i polisutbildningen och polisyrket: Polisstudenters och yrkesverksamma polisers upplevda kompetens i mental träning".

Available from: 2020-01-24 Created: 2020-01-21 Last updated: 2020-01-21Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Från student till yrkesverksam polis - mental träning i polisutbildningen och polisyrket: Polisstudenters och yrkesverksamma polisers upplevda kompetens i mental träning
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Från student till yrkesverksam polis - mental träning i polisutbildningen och polisyrket: Polisstudenters och yrkesverksamma polisers upplevda kompetens i mental träning
2010 (Swedish)Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
Alternative title[en]
From student to professional police officer : mental preparation training in police academy and profession
Abstract [en]

This study is about police students’ and professional police officers’ experienced competence in mental preparation training. The aim with the study is to compare how police students’ in the beginning and in the end of the Basic Training Programme for Police Officers perceive their competence in mental preparation training and how a selection of these students perceive their competence after one respectively two and a half year as police officers. The aim is also to compare the formal competence required of students who have passed the Basic Training Programme for Police Officers with the competence students actually think they have, and the formal competence required within the police profession with the competence police officers with differently long time as professionals experience that they have. Moreover the study includes a comparison between the formal and experienced competence in the Basic Training Programme for Police Officers and in the police profession. The empirical data of the study is based on a web questionnaire to the different groups of students and follow-up interviews with a selection of these students. The results show that the students’ perceived competence increases during the Basic Training Programme and that the experienced competence at the end of the programme to a relatively large extent corresponds to the formal competence of the programme. The difference between the formal competence required in the police profession and the police officers’ experienced competence is relatively small. The police officers’ experience though is that their competence in mental preparation training is not requested in the profession to any larger extent.

 

Key words: Police, competence, mental preparation training.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Pedagogiska institutionen, Umeå universitet, 2010. p. 120
Series
Licentiatavhandlingar vid Pedagogiska institutionen, Umeå universitet, ISSN 0283-9997 ; 23
Keywords
Police, competence, mental preparation training
National Category
Pedagogy
Research subject
education
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-31386 (URN)978-91-7264-938-5 (ISBN)
Presentation
(English)
Available from: 2010-02-11 Created: 2010-02-09 Last updated: 2020-01-21Bibliographically approved
2. Police Students’ Values of Competence Related to a Professional Career
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Police Students’ Values of Competence Related to a Professional Career
2015 (English)In: Working and Learning in Times of Uncertainty: Challenges to Adult, Professional and Vocational Education / [ed] Sandra Bohlinger, Ulrika Haake, Christian Helms Jørgensen, Hanna Toiviainen and Andreas Wallo, Rotterdam: Sense Publishers, 2015, p. 89-101Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Rotterdam: Sense Publishers, 2015
Series
Research on the Education and Learning of Adults ; 4
National Category
Pedagogy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-107943 (URN)978-94-6300-242-4 (ISBN)978-94-6300-243-1 (ISBN)978-94-6300-244-8 (ISBN)
Available from: 2015-08-31 Created: 2015-08-31 Last updated: 2020-01-21Bibliographically approved
3. Police students' perceptions of professional competences: a comparative study of Catalonia and Sweden
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Police students' perceptions of professional competences: a comparative study of Catalonia and Sweden
2017 (English)In: Police Practice & Research, ISSN 1561-4263, E-ISSN 1477-271X, Vol. 18, no 5, p. 478-491Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study is part of the European cooperation project, Recruitment, Education, and Career in the Police. The overall aim of this study is to compare how Swedish and Catalan police students perceive different competence dimensions in relation to their future profession, and how the perceptions of these competence dimensions change from the beginning to the end of the training program. The empirical data is based on identical questionnaires that were distributed to police students in Sweden and Catalonia. The results show different patterns in how Catalan and Swedish police students perceive the importance of the different competences at the beginning and at the end of their basic training programs. The implications of this study show that more knowledge is needed about the next step; that is, how the police students use these competencies in their professional work.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2017
Keywords
Police students, police education and training, comparative study, professional competences, Catalonia and Sweden
National Category
Pedagogical Work Didactics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-137991 (URN)10.1080/15614263.2017.1288121 (DOI)000405223300005 ()
Available from: 2017-07-31 Created: 2017-07-31 Last updated: 2020-01-21Bibliographically approved
4. Police officers' perceptions of professional competence
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Police officers' perceptions of professional competence
2020 (English)In: European Journal of Policing Studies, ISSN 2034-760X, E-ISSN 2295-3523Article in journal (Refereed) Accepted
Abstract [en]

The aim of the present follow-up study on a cohort of Swedish police students is to build knowledge of how they now as police officers perceive the importance of competencies like specific knowledge, practical skills, and reflexivity in relation to their police work. The aim is also to study whether the importance of these competence dimensions has changed from the time of their police education to their police work. To what extent do the respondents perceive that their police education has contributed to the development of certain competence dimensions? Based on both qualitative and quantitative data, the results show that respondents in their roles as police officers estimate the importance of the competencies’ specific knowledge, practical skills, and reflexivity higher than they did as police students. The results also show that in general, police education’s contributions to the development of these competencies are clearly lower than the extent to which they are perceived as important for work as police officers. In the interviews, reflections on the reasons for this indicate a discrepancy between the educational and occupational contexts. A conclusion from this study is that the police occupational culture seems to affect police students more than the formal police education. Another conclusion is that police education needs to clarify the difference between the educational practice designed to optimize a learning situation and the occupational practice in which knowledge should be applied.

Keywords
Police students, police officers, competence, frame-factor perspective, gender, educational and occupational context
National Category
Pedagogy
Research subject
education
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-167439 (URN)
Projects
loa
Available from: 2020-01-21 Created: 2020-01-21 Last updated: 2020-03-04

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