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Hur kvinnor hanterar upplevelsen av att leva med bröstcancer
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Caring Science.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Caring Science.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Bröstcancer är den vanligaste cancersjukdomen bland kvinnor och ca 8000 diagnostiseras varje år. Upplevelsen är individuell men generellt drabbas kvinnorna psykologiskt i dubbel bemärkelse. Det handlar dels om ovissheten angående sjukdomen och död, men också om kvinnlighet och utseende. Syfte: Syftet med denna litteraturstudie var att beskriva hur kvinnor hanterar upplevelsen av att leva med bröstcancer. Metod: Litteraturstudie med deskriptiv design som bygger på 12 kvalitativa vetenskapliga artiklar. Databasen Pubmed via Medline har använts. Huvudresultat: Resultatet visade att stöd från familj, vänner och utomstående samt att finna någon slags mening med sin diagnos gav kvinnorna mest kraft för att hantera sin situation. Att distrahera sig själv genom att fokusera på andra saker, fortsätta som vanligt eller planera inför framtiden trots sjukdom beskrevs även som sätt att försöka klara sig igenom den svåra tiden. Kvinnor som trodde på en Gud och fann tröst i det förekom upprepade gånger. I de flesta av studierna berättar kvinnorna om att de har fått en ny syn på livet och uppskattar det på ett annat sätt jämfört med innan de fick diagnosen. Slutsats: Bröstcancer är den vanligaste cancersjukdomen hos kvinnor. Stöd från anhöriga och utomstående, förändra upplevelsen samt att fortsätta som innan diagnostisering var det vanligaste strategierna för att hantera upplevelsen på. Religion hjälpte många kvinnor att acceptera sin sjukdom. Genom att erhålla kunskap om detta kan sjuksköterskan bemöta dessa kvinnor med en bättre förståelse för hur upplevelsen av en bröstcancerdiagnos och efterföljande behandlingar hanteras.

Abstract [en]

Background: Breast cancer is the most common cancer disease among women and about 8,000 are diagnosed each year. The experience is individual but in general women are psychologically affected in a double sense. It is partly about the uncertainty about the illness and death, but also about femininity and appearance. Aim: The aim of this literature study was to describe how women deal with the experience of living with breast cancer. Method: Literature study with descriptive design based on 12 scientific articles with a qualitative approach. Data collection has been carried out via PubMed. Main results: The result showed that support from family, friends and outsiders as well as finding some kind of meaning with their diagnosis gave women the most power to deal with their situation. Distracting oneself by focusing on other things, continuing as usual, or planning for the future despite illness was also described as a way to try to make it through the difficult times. Women who believed in a God and found comfort in that repeatedly appeared. In most of the studies, women report that they have been given a new outlook on life and appreciate it in a different way compared to before they were diagnosed. Conclusion: Breast cancer is the most common cancer disease among women. Support from relatives and others, changing the experience and continuing as before diagnosis was the most common strategies used to manage the experience. Religion helped many women to accept their illness. By gaining knowledge of this the nurse can respond to these women with a better understanding of how the experience of a breast cancer diagnosis and subsequent treatments are handled. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 35
Keywords [en]
Adaptation, psychological, Breast cancer, Life change events, Woman
Keywords [sv]
Bröstcancer, Coping, Kvinnor, Upplevelser
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-31437OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-31437DiVA, id: diva2:1386049
Educational program
Nursing
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2020-01-16 Created: 2020-01-16 Last updated: 2020-01-16Bibliographically approved

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