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Unga kvinnors uppfattning om sexuellt våld efter MeToo: En enkätstudie
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
2020 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Enligt WHO har en tredjedel av alla unga kvinnor rapporterat att deras första sexuella möte skett genom tvång. Under 2018 var det 22 500 sexualbrott som anmäldes i Sverige. Sexuellt våld mot unga kvinnor kan få långvariga konsekvenser i form av försämrad fysisk- och mental hälsa. MeToo-rörelsen startade 2017 och beskrivs som ett globalt upprop mot sexuella trakasserier och övergrepp mot kvinnor. Syfte: Var att beskriva unga kvinnors uppfattningar om sexuellt våld efter MeToo. Metod: Studien var en tvärsnittsstudie med kvantitativ ansats. Datainsamling gjordes via enkäter som delades ut på en ungdomsmottagning. Enkäten bestod av frågor/påståenden om sexuellt våld och MeToo. Data beskrevs med deskriptiv statistik och analyserades med Chi2 test. Resultat: Totalt svarade 103 unga kvinnor. En majoritet av deltagarna ansåg att sexuellt våld var allt ifrån sexuell förnedring till att någon tar på ditt könsorgan mot din vilja. Det sågs ingen signifikant skillnad mellan bakgrundsfaktorer och uppfattning av sexuellt våld. Majoriteten av deltagarna hade hört talas om MeToo, 97.1% (n=99). Endas ett fåtal av deltagarna (2.1%) ansåg att MeToo förändrat deras sätt att se på sexuellt våld. Av deltagarna var det 35.1% (n=34) som ansåg att det blivit lättare att prata om sexuellt våld efter MeToo. Endast 14.6% (n=14) skulle berätta för ungdomsmottagningen om de blivit utsatta för sexuellt våld. Konklusion: Studien ger en ökad förståelse för unga kvinnors sätt att prata om sexuellt våld samt deras uppfattning om sexuellt våld efter MeToo. Genom att uppmärksamma och prata om sexuellt våld kan det bidra till att tabustämpeln på lång sikt försvinner och att den som blivit utsatt inte ska känna skam eller skuld.

Abstract [en]

Background: According to WHO a third of all young women has reported that their first sexual encounter happened under duress. In 2018 more than 22 500 sexual offences were registered in Sweden. Sexual violence towards young women may have long-lasting effects such as impaired physical- and mental health. The MeToo movement saw the light of day in 2017 and has been described as a global uprising against sexual harassment and assault on women. Aim: The purpose of this paper was to describe young women’s views on sexual violence after the emergence of the MeToo movement. Method: In this paper a cross-sectional study with a quantitative approach. Data collection was made through questionnaires which was handed out at a youth guidance centre. The questionnaire consisted of questions/assumptions regarding sexual violence and the MeToo movement. The data was then described with descriptive statistics and analysed through a Chi2 test. Result: 103 women in total answered the questionnaire. Everything, from sexual humiliation to someone touching your genitals against you will, was considered an act of sexual violence by a majority of the participants. There were no significant differences when regarding factors, such as, age, lifestyle factors and conception of sexual violence. A majority of the participants had heard about the MeToo movement, 97.1% (n=99). However, only a few of the participants (2.1%) answered that the MeToo movement had changed their views on sexual violence. 35.1% (n=34) of the participating women answered that it has become easier to talk about sexual violence after the emergence of the MeToo movement. Only 14.6% (n=14) of the participants would report an act of sexual violence to the youth guidance centre. Conclusion: This study provides us with a greater understanding on how young women talk about and view sexual violence in the wake of the MeToo movement. In order to break the taboo regarding sexual violence through speaking about it and bringing it to light we might also be able to eliminate the feelings of shame that many victims feel.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2020. , p. 42
Keywords [en]
MeToo movement, Sexual violence, Young woman, Youth guidance centre
Keywords [sv]
MeToo, Sexuellt våld, Ungdomar, Ungdomsmottagning
National Category
Health Care Service and Management, Health Policy and Services and Health Economy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-90941OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-90941DiVA, id: diva2:1385910
Educational program
Midwifery Programme, 90 credits
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2020-01-16 Created: 2020-01-15 Last updated: 2020-01-16Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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