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The Role of Prosocial and Aggressive Popularity Norm Combinations in Prosocial and Aggressive Friendship Processes’
Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands.
Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, The Institute for Analytical Sociology, IAS. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9097-0873
Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands; TNO, Leiden, The Netherlands.
Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands.
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2019 (English)In: Journal of Youth and Adolescence, ISSN 0047-2891, E-ISSN 1573-6601Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Prior work has shown that popular peers can set a powerful norm for the valence and salience of aggression in adolescent classrooms, which enhances aggressive friendship processes (selection, maintenance, influence). It is unknown, however, whether popular peers also set a norm for prosocial behavior that can buffer against aggressive friendship processes and stimulate prosocial friendship processes. This study examined the role of prosocial and aggressive popularity norm combinations in prosocial and aggressive friendship processes. Three waves of peer-nominated data were collected in the first- and second year of secondary school (N = 1816 students; 81 classrooms; Mage = 13.06; 50.5% girl). Longitudinal social network analyses indicate that prosocial popularity norms have most power to affect both prosocial and aggressive friendship processes when aggressive popularity norms are non-present. In prosocial classrooms (low aggressive and high prosocial popularity norms), friendship maintenance based on prosocial behavior is enhanced, whereas aggressive friendship processes are largely mitigated. Instead, when aggressive popularity norms are equally strong as prosocial norms (mixed classrooms) or even stronger than prosocial norms (aggressive classrooms), aggression is more important for friendship processes than prosocial behavior. These findings show that the prosocial behavior of popular peers may only buffer against aggressive friendship processes and stimulate prosocial friendship processes if these popular peers (or other popular peers in the classroom) abstain from aggression.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer-Verlag New York, 2019.
Keywords [en]
Popularity norm, Aggression, Prosocial behavior, Friendship selection, Friendship influence
National Category
Psychology Sociology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-163127DOI: 10.1007/s10964-019-01088-xPubMedID: 31407189Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85070879085OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-163127DiVA, id: diva2:1385531
Available from: 2020-01-14 Created: 2020-01-14 Last updated: 2020-02-17Bibliographically approved

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