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Motiverande samtal i diabetesomvårdnad: En litteraturstudie
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Motivational interviewing in diabetes care : A literature study (English)
Abstract [sv]

Hälso- och sjukvårdpersonal kommer i framtiden arbeta allt mer med långtidssjukdomar. Personer med diabetes behöver dagligen fatta viktiga beslut för diabeteshanteringen därav är patientutbildning en viktig del av diabetesvården. Det vanligaste upplevda hindret i diabetesvården är vardagslivet, att agera på motivationen till en förändring och att bibehålla denna. Motiverande samtal som samtalsmetod är personcentretad och syftar till att främja livsstilsförändringar. Syftet med litteraturstudien var att beskriva hur personer med diabetes upplever motiverande samtal. Studien genomfördes som en allmän litteraturstudie. Resultatet grundades på åtta vetenskapliga artiklar och resulterade i fyra teman: upplevelsen av ett nytt förhållningssätt, upplevelsen av självbestämmande, upplevelsen av samtalsledarens roll och upplevelsen av de yttre faktorerna. Personer upplevde att motiverande samtal inspirerade till livsstilsförändringar, att det var personcentrerat och att det främjade den egna kunskapen. Upplevelsen av den icke dömande attityden resulterade i att personer upplevde att de kunde berätta mer öppet om sin hälsa. Samtalsledaren roll uppfattades som stödjande och främjande av självbestämmande. Samtalet förändrade personernas uppfattning av sig själva, förändrade deras förhållningsätt och motiverade till livsstilsförändring.

Abstract [en]

Health professionals are increasingly working with long-term and chronic diseases. People with diabetes make important decisions daily related to their diabetes management, patient education is an important part of the diabetes care. The most common perceived obstacle in diabetes care is everyday life and acting on the motivation for a change and maintaining it. Motivational interviewing (MI) as such is a communication method which is person-centered and aims to promote lifestyle changes. The purpose of the literature study was to describe how people with diabetes experienced motivational interviewing. The study was conducted as a general literature study. The result was based on eight scientific articles and resulted in four themes: experience of a new approach, self-determination experience, experience of the leader's role and experience of the external factors. People experienced that MI inspired to conduct lifestyle changes. The communication was perceived as person-centered and thus promoted the persons own knowledge. Furthermore, the experience of the non-judgmental attitude resulted in people experiencing that they could speak more openly about their health. The motivational interviewer’s role was perceived as supportive and as promoting self-determination. MI changed the persons perception of themselves, changed their approach and motivated lifestyle change.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 16
Keywords [en]
Diabetes, Lifestyle-changes, Motivational interviewing, Persons experiences
Keywords [sv]
Diabetes, Livsstilsförändring, Motiverande samtal, Personers upplevelse
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-41354OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-41354DiVA, id: diva2:1384358
Subject / course
Nursing
Educational program
Nursing Programme, 180 credits
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2020-01-14 Created: 2020-01-09 Last updated: 2020-01-14Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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