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Consumption of Meat and Dairy Products Is Not Associated with the Risk for Rheumatoid Arthritis among Women: A Population-Based Cohort Study
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Rheumatology.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7226-0969
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Rheumatology. Clinical Epidemiology Division, Department of Medicine Solna, Karolinska Institutet, 171 77 Solna, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8999-0925
2019 (English)In: Nutrients, ISSN 2072-6643, E-ISSN 2072-6643, Vol. 11, no 11, article id 2825Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Diet has gained attention as a risk factor for the development of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), especially with regards to food of animal origin, such as meat and dairy products. By using data from national patient registers and dietary data from a large prospective population cohort, the Swedish Mammography Cohort, we aimed to investigate whether the consumption of meat and dairy products had any impact on the risk of subsequent development of RA. During 12 years of follow-up (January 2003-December 2014; 381, 456 person-years), 368 patients with a new diagnosis of RA were identified. No associations between the development of RA and the consumption of meat and meat products (hazard ratio [HR] for the fully adjusted model: 1.08 [95% CI: 0.77-1.53]) or the total consumption of milk and dairy products (HR for the fully adjusted model: 1.09 [95% CI: 0.76-1.55]) were observed. In conclusion, in this large prospective cohort of women, no associations were observed between dietary intake of meat and dairy products and the risk of RA development.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2019. Vol. 11, no 11, article id 2825
Keywords [en]
diet, animal origin, meat, dairy products, rheumatoid arthritis
National Category
Nutrition and Dietetics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-167036DOI: 10.3390/nu11112825ISI: 000502274600276PubMedID: 31752273OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-167036DiVA, id: diva2:1383926
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2015-00689Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2015-00689Available from: 2020-01-09 Created: 2020-01-09 Last updated: 2020-01-09Bibliographically approved

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