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Health and Work Environment among Female and Male Swedish Elementary School Teachers: A Cross-Sectional Study
Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; University of Gävle, Gävle, Sweden.
Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
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2020 (English)In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 17, no 1, article id E227Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Changes in teachers' work situation in Sweden since the 1990s may have contributed to an increase in common mental disorders (CMDs) and burnout. However, there is a lack of research in this field. The aim was to describe how Swedish elementary school teachers experience their health, organizational and social work environment, and the psychosocial safety climate at the workplace, and especially differences and similarities between female and male teachers.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were collected with the COPSOQ, OLBI, UWES and PSC-12 from 478 elementary teachers, 81.0% of them women, from twenty schools. The response rate was 96.4%.

RESULTS: Teachers reported relatively good general health but experienced high stress, high work pace and emotional demands, low influence at work and a poor psychosocial safety climate. These factors were especially prominent among female teachers. Both women and men experienced good development possibilities and high work engagement.

CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study can help us to develop a more sustainable work environment for female and male teachers. A more sustainable work environment might attract more people to the profession and incentivize existing teachers to remain in the profession.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2020. Vol. 17, no 1, article id E227
Keywords [en]
Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire, Psychosocial Safety Climate scale, common mental disorders, organizational and social work environment, school, stress, teachers
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-163012DOI: 10.3390/ijerph17010227ISI: 000509391500227PubMedID: 31905608OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-163012DiVA, id: diva2:1383885
Note

Funding agencies: AFA Insurance, Sweden [150571]

Available from: 2020-01-08 Created: 2020-01-08 Last updated: 2020-03-09Bibliographically approved

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Occupational and Environmental Medicine CenterFaculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
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