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Systematic reviews: causes of non-adherence to P2Y12 inhibitors in acute coronary syndromes and response to intervention
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Cardiology. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, UCR-Uppsala Clinical Research Center.
Kings Coll London, Dept Psychol, London, England.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6786-0166
Atlantis Healthcare, London, England.
AstraZeneca, Cambridge, England.
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2016 (English)In: Open heart, E-ISSN 2053-3624, Vol. 3, no 2, article id e000479Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

To understand the factors associated with non-adherence to oral antiplatelet (OAP) therapy in acute coronary syndromes (ACS), and where interventions have modified these factors. Linked systematic reviews were undertaken in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-analysis guidelines, using CINAHL Plus, MEDLINE, PsycINFO and PubMed databases. The searches were limited to studies available in English and published from 2000 onwards; last run in June 2015. Review 1: factors. Fifteen articles were identified that reported 25 different factors associated with OAP non-adherence. Factors were categorised into: Demographic, Treatment, Healthcare System Processes, Clinical, Opportunity (ie, factors outside the patients, such as cost and healthcare access) and Psychosocial. It was not possible to determine if any of these factors were more impactful than others, either overall or temporally. Review 2: interventions. Six articles were identified that described interventions targeting adherence in patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS)/coronary artery disease (CAD). Four broad categories of intervention were identified: treatment counselling and education, educational materials, SMS reminders and telephone monitoring and reinforcement delivered different practitioners. Only reminder-based interventions had a consistently successful impact on adherence outcomes at both 3 and 12 months. A number of factors are associated with OAP non-adherence, and encouragingly, there is some evidence of the effectiveness of intervention to modify treatment adherence in patients with ACS/CAD. Future evaluations ensuring a better cohesion between the factors studied as associated with non-adherence and those targeted by intervention would further increase understanding and lead to improved results.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 3, no 2, article id e000479
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Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems Health Care Service and Management, Health Policy and Services and Health Economy
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URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-400849DOI: 10.1136/openhrt-2016-000479ISI: 000443627700041PubMedID: 27843565OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-400849DiVA, id: diva2:1382964
Available from: 2020-01-07 Created: 2020-01-07 Last updated: 2020-01-07Bibliographically approved

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