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Exposure to war-time trauma decreases positive emotions and altruism towards rival outgroups (but not non-rival outgroups): a field experiment among Syrian refugees
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
Baruch Ivcher School of Psychology, Interdisciplinary Center (IDC) Herzliya, Israel; Department of Psychology, Lund University, Sweden.
2019 (English)In: Social Psychology and Personality Science, ISSN 1948-5506, E-ISSN 1948-5514Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

A survey experiment, carried out in a field setting among Sunni Arab Syrian refugees (N = 2,479), examined the effect of exposure to wartime trauma, ethnoreligious group affiliation, and degree of hostility of intergroup relations on altruism and positive emotional regard. The results showed that in-group targets were met with more positive emotional regard and altruism than relatively neutral out-group targets, which in turn were met with more positive emotional regard and altruism than individuals from a hostile out-group. These tendencies were elevated among participants with a high degree of exposure to wartime trauma. Emotions mediated the effect of ethnoreligious group affiliation on altruism, and this mediating effect was moderated by exposure to wartime trauma.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019.
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-401049DOI: 10.1177/1948550619876631OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-401049DiVA, id: diva2:1382743
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 421-2014-1347Available from: 2020-01-04 Created: 2020-01-04 Last updated: 2020-01-09Bibliographically approved

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