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Phosphate Sorption Speciation and Precipitation Mechanisms on Amorphous Aluminum Hydroxide
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
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2019 (English)In: Soil Systems, ISSN 2571-8789, Vol. 3, no 1, article id 20Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aluminum (Al) oxides are important adsorbents for phosphate in soils and sediments, and significantly limit Phosphate (P) mobility and bioavailability, but the speciation of surface-adsorbed phosphate on Al oxides remains poorly understood. Here, phosphate sorption speciation on amorphous Al hydroxide (AAH) was determined under pH 3-8 and P concentration of 0.03 mM-15 mM using various spectroscopic approaches, and phosphate precipitation mechanisms were discussed as well. AAH exhibits an extremely high phosphate sorption capacity, increasing from 3.80 mmol/g at pH 7 to 4.63 mmol/g at pH 3. Regardless of reaction pH, with increasing P sorption loading, the sorption mechanism transits from bidentate binuclear (BB) surface complexation with d(P-Al) of 3.12 angstrom to surface precipitation of analogous amorphous AlPO4 (AAP), possibly with ternary complexes, such as (equivalent to Al-O)(2)-PO2-Al, as intermediate products. Additionally, the percentage of precipitated phosphate occurring in AAP linearly and positively correlates with P sorption loading. Compared to phosphate reaction with ferrihydrite, phosphate adsorbs and precipitates more readily on AAH due to the higher solubility product (K-sp) of AAH. The formation of AAP particles involves Al-III release, which is promoted by phosphate adsorption, and its subsequent precipitation with phosphate at AAH surfaces or in the bulk solution.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2019. Vol. 3, no 1, article id 20
Keywords [en]
phosphate, speciation, sorption, precipitation, Al hydroxide
National Category
Geochemistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-166833DOI: 10.3390/soilsystems3010020ISI: 000500757400019OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-166833DiVA, id: diva2:1382442
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Swedish Research Council, 2016-03808Available from: 2020-01-03 Created: 2020-01-03 Last updated: 2020-01-03Bibliographically approved

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