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Embracing complexity: A transdisciplinary conceptual framework for understanding behavior change in the context of development-focused interventions
Stockholm Environm Inst, Sweden.
Stockholm Environm Inst, Sweden.
Stockholm Environm Inst, Sweden.
Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, Human-Centered systems. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2529-4303
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2020 (English)In: World Development, ISSN 0305-750X, E-ISSN 1873-5991, Vol. 126, article id 104703Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Many interventions that aim to improve the livelihoods of vulnerable people in low-income settings fail because the behavior of the people intended to benefit is not well understood and /or not reflected in the design of interventions. Methods for understanding and situating human behavior in the context of development interventions tend to emphasize experimental approaches to objectively isolate key drivers of behavior. However, such methods often do not account for the importance of contextual factors and the wider system. In this paper we propose a conceptual framework to support intervention design that links behavioral insights with service design, a branch of the creative field of design. To develop the framework, we use three case studies conducted in Kenya and Zambia focusing on the uptake of new technologies and services by individuals and households. We demonstrate how the framework can be useful for mapping individuals experiences of a new technology or service and, based on this, identify key parameters to support lasting behavior change. The framework reflects how behavior change takes place in the context of complex social-ecological systems - that change over time, and in which a diverse range of actors operate at different levels - with the aim of supporting the design and delivery of more robust development-oriented interventions. (C) 2019 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD , 2020. Vol. 126, article id 104703
Keywords [en]
Behavior change; Development intervention design; Service design; Complex adaptive systems
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
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URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-162924DOI: 10.1016/j.worlddev.2019.104703ISI: 000501647300004OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-162924DiVA, id: diva2:1382381
Available from: 2020-01-02 Created: 2020-01-02 Last updated: 2020-02-04

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