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Metabolic correlates of dopaminergic loss in dementia with lewy bodies
Ludwig Maximilians Univ Munchen, Germany.
Ludwig Maximilians Univ Munchen, Germany.
Ludwig Maximilians Univ Munchen, Germany.
Ludwig Maximilians Univ Munchen, Germany.
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(English)In: Movement Disorders, ISSN 0885-3185, E-ISSN 1531-8257Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Background Striatal dopamine deficiency and metabolic changes are well-known phenomena in dementia with Lewy bodies and can be quantified in vivo by I-123-Ioflupane brain single-photon emission computed tomography of dopamine transporter and F-18-fluorodesoxyglucose PET. However, the linkage between both biomarkers is ill-understood. Objective We used the hitherto largest study cohort of combined imaging from the European consortium to elucidate the role of both biomarkers in the pathophysiological course of dementia with Lewy bodies. Methods We compared striatal dopamine deficiency and glucose metabolism of 84 dementia with Lewy body patients and comparable healthy controls. After normalization of data, we tested their correlation by region-of-interest-based and voxel-based methods, controlled for study center, age, sex, education, and current cognitive impairment. Metabolic connectivity was analyzed by inter-region coefficients stratified by dopamine deficiency and compared to healthy controls. Results There was an inverse relationship between striatal dopamine availability and relative glucose hypermetabolism, pronounced in the basal ganglia and in limbic regions. With increasing dopamine deficiency, metabolic connectivity showed strong deteriorations in distinct brain regions implicated in disease symptoms, with greatest disruptions in the basal ganglia and limbic system, coincident with the pattern of relative hypermetabolism. Conclusions Relative glucose hypermetabolism and disturbed metabolic connectivity of limbic and basal ganglia circuits are metabolic correlates of dopamine deficiency in dementia with Lewy bodies. Identification of specific metabolic network alterations in patients with early dopamine deficiency may serve as an additional supporting biomarker for timely diagnosis of dementia with Lewy bodies. (c) 2019 The Authors. Movement Disorders published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. on behalf of International Parkinson and Movement Disorder Society.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
WILEY.
Keywords [en]
dopamine deficiency; glucose metabolism; Lewy body dementia; metabolic connectivity; PET imaging
National Category
Neurology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-162928DOI: 10.1002/mds.27945ISI: 000502602400001PubMedID: 31840326OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-162928DiVA, id: diva2:1382378
Note

Funding Agencies|Velox Foundation [project 1123]; Schweizerischer Nationalfonds zur Forderung der Wissenschaftlichen Forschung [SNF 320030_169876]

Available from: 2020-01-02 Created: 2020-01-02 Last updated: 2020-04-02

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Ochoa-Figueroa, Miguel A.Davidsson, Anette
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Division of Cardiovascular MedicineFaculty of Medicine and Health SciencesDepartment of Clinical Physiology in LinköpingMedical radiation physicsCenter for Medical Image Science and Visualization (CMIV)
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