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Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis of Road Transportation Fuels and Vehicles: A Systematic Review and Classification of the Literature
United Nations University, Maastricht Economic and Social Research Institute on Innovation and Technology (UNU-MERIT).
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences.
2020 (English)In: Energies, ISSN 1996-1073, E-ISSN 1996-1073, Vol. 13, no 1, article id 157Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis (MCDA) methods help decision makers to considerand weigh diverse criteria that include economic, environmental, social and technological aspects.This characteristic makes them a popular tool to comparatively evaluate road transportation fuelsand vehicles (RTFV). The aim of this paper is to systematically classify and analyse the literatureapplying MCDA methods on the evaluation of RTFV. To this end, 40 relevant papers are pinpointedand discussed. We identified a great number of evaluation criteria employed in the reviewed papersfrom which we have established a concluding list of 41 criteria, that can serve as a pool for futureresearch. A further analysis of the evaluation criteria reveals that the process of criteria selectionpartly suers from a lack of scientific foundation and standardization. We propose to standardize thecriteria selection process by using the Life Cycle Sustainability Assessment (LCSA) methodology as aguiding reference. In addition, we compared the MCDA results obtained from studies with relativelysimilar setups and found that the evaluation results are also generally similar and seem not to beinfluenced by the particular MCDA method employed. Based on the results of the reviewed papers,one may say that electricity and ethanol appear to be good alternatives for light vehicles, whereasgaseous fuels seem more appropriate for heavy vehicles like buses. Striking deviations from thesegenerally observed results are often caused by specific evaluation contexts, particular criteria takeninto account and unusual weight sets applied.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2020. Vol. 13, no 1, article id 157
Keywords [en]
road transportation fuels and vehicles, multi-criteria decision analysis, life cycle sustainability assessment
National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics
Research subject
Earth Science with specialization in Environmental Analysis
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-400685DOI: 10.3390/en13010157OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-400685DiVA, id: diva2:1382113
Available from: 2020-01-02 Created: 2020-01-02 Last updated: 2020-01-08Bibliographically approved

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