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Childbirth Experience in women randomized to internet based cognitive therapy or midwife counseling
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, Research group (Dept. of women´s and children´s health), Obstetrics and Reproductive Health Research. Department of Nursing, Mid Sweden University, Sundsvall, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6985-6729
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, Research group (Dept. of women´s and children´s health), Obstetrics and Reproductive Health Research. Department of Health Science, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7416-6335
2019 (English)In: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics & Gynecology, ISSN 0167-482XArticle in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Background: Although women with fear of birth often report negative birth experiences, few studies have focused on their experiences in the long term. The aim of this study was to compare birth experiences a year after childbirth in two groups of women receiving treatment for experiencing fear of birth during pregnancy.

Methods: As part of the U-CARE: Pregnancy Trial, a prospective multicenter randomized controlled trial comparing the effects of internet-based cognitive behavioral therapy (iCBT) and standard care among pregnant women with fear of birth. Women were recruited at three Swedish hospitals following a screening procedure that assessed their fear of birth. Data were collected online with the Childbirth Experience Questionnaire (CEQ), one question about the overall birth experience, and questions about personal background, collected before randomization.

Results: A total of 181 women responded to the follow-up questionnaire a year after childbirth. Approximately half of participants reported a less positive birth experience. Preferred mode of birth, actual mode of birth, marital status and psychiatric history were associated with the domains of the CEQ. However, no statistically significant differences emerged between the treatment groups.

Conclusions: Being randomized to receive iCBT or counseling with midwives for fear of birth was not associated with perceptions of the birth experience assessed a year after birth. Most participants reported less-than-positive birth experiences and scored low on the domain of the CEQ reflecting Own capacity. In response, additional research remains necessary to identify the best model of care that might facilitate positive experiences with giving birth among women with fear of birth.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019.
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Health Sciences
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URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-400591DOI: 10.1080/0167482X.2019.1634047PubMedID: 31244352OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-400591DiVA, id: diva2:1381830
Funder
Swedish Research CouncilAvailable from: 2019-12-28 Created: 2019-12-28 Last updated: 2020-01-31Bibliographically approved

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