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Sjuksköterskans upplevelse av akut omvårdnad av patienter med trauma
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health and Nursing.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Att vårda patienter i akuta skeden innebär ofta en kaotisk situation som är känslomässigt påfrestande för både sjuksköterskan och patienten. Eftersom man som sjuksköterska inom akutsjukvården utsätts för många känslomässiga reaktioner samtidigt som allt fokus ska läggas på patienten är risken stor att arbetssituationen blir orimlig. Syftet med litteraturstudien var att belysa upplevelser av akut omvårdnad av patienter med trauma ur ett sjuksköterskeperspektiv. Metod: Studien genomfördes som en allmän litteraturöversikt med induktiv ansats. Resultatet baserades på tio vetenskapliga artiklar som visade att sjuksköterskor upplevde akut omvårdnad av patienter med trauma som ett svårt och stressigt arbete som oftast ledde till olika stressymtom som exempelvis utbrändhet, personlig stress, posttraumatisk stressyndrom och sekundär traumatisk stress. Slutsats: Sjuksköterskorna upplevde det känslomässigt svårast att behandla unga trauma patienter samt släktingar eller kollegors släktingar. Yngre oerfarna sjuksköterskor reagerade oftast starkare på trauma situationerna än vad erfarna sjuksköterskor gjorde. 

Abstract [en]

Background: Caring for patients in trauma situations is often emotionally stressful for both the nurse and the patients. Since nurses in the emergency care often deal with emotional reactions while al the focus must be on the patient, there is a great risk that the work situation will be unsustainable. The purpose of the literature study was to elucidate experiences of trauma care from nurse’s perspective. Method: The study was designed as a structured literature review with an inductive approach. The result was based on ten scientific articles and showed that nurses experiences of trauma care was difficult and stressful and usually led to various stress symptoms such as burnout, personal stress, posttraumatic stress syndrome and secondary traumatic stress. Conclusion: The nurses found it emotionally difficult to treat young trauma patients as well as relatives or colleagues’ relatives. The younger inexperienced nurses usually responded stronger to the trauma situations than the experienced nurses did. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 18
Keywords [en]
Experience, emergency nursing, trauma
Keywords [sv]
akut omvårdnad, trauma, upplevelse
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-41313OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-41313DiVA, id: diva2:1381799
External cooperation
Carolin Hansson
Subject / course
Nursing
Educational program
Nursing Programme, 180 credits
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2020-01-02 Created: 2019-12-27 Last updated: 2020-01-02Bibliographically approved

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