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Den obehagliga undersökningen: Kvinnors erfarenheter av gynekologiska undersökningar
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health and Nursing.
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health and Nursing.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
The unpleasant examination : Women’s experiences of gynecological examinations (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Den gynekologiska undersökningen praktiseras vanligtvis i syfte för att bedöma och främja kvinnans reproduktiva hälsa. Den gynekologiska undersökningen omfattas av tre moment. Inledningsvis sker en undersökning av fortplantningsorganets yttre delar, därefter sker en undersökning av de inre delarna samt över buken. Syfte: Syftet med litteraturstudien var att belysa kvinnors erfarenheter av att genomgå en gynekologisk undersökning. Metod: För att besvara syftet, genomfördes en allmän litteraturstudie med stöd av en enkel form av innehållsanalys. Litteraturstudien efterföljdes genom en strukturerad informationssökning i tre omvårdnadsfokuserade databaser. Efter genomförd informationssökning, genomfördes granskning samt analys av valda kvalitativa och kvantitativa artiklar samt sammanställning av resultat.Resultat: Resultatet fördelades utifrån följande huvudkategorier: (1) Erfarenheter av obehag i samband med den gynekologiska undersökningen och (2) Erfarenheter av befrämjande faktorer relaterat till upplevelsen av den gynekologiska undersökningen. Konklusion: Det framkom att många kvinnor upplevde den gynekologiska undersökningen som obehaglig, där känslor som ångest, oro, rädsla, utlämnande, maktlöshet och misstro belyste en del av obehaget. Förekomst av adekvat information, ett gott bemötande samt god kommunikation var några faktorer som framkom som befrämjande till upplevelsen. För flera kvinnor ansågs det vara betydande att en sjuksköterska närvarade i samband med den gynekologiska undersökningen. 

Abstract [en]

Background: The purpose of the gynecological examination is to evaluate and promote reproductive health among women. The gynecological examination is divided into three different stages, where the first stage includes an examination of the external parts of the female genital organs. Thereafter an examination of the internal parts of the organ and the abdomen are performed. Aim: The aim of the study was to illuminate women’s experiences of the gynecological examination. Method: A general literature study was used, with the guidance of a simple version of content analysis. The literature study was conducted through structured information retrieval in three databases focusing on nursing research. After the information retrieval was completed, a review and analysis was conducted on chosen qualitative and quantitative articles for further compilation of the result.  Result: The result was allocated into the following main categories: (1) Experiences of discomfort associated with the gynecological examination and (2) Experiences of promotive factors related to the experience of the gynecological examination. Conclusion: It was demonstrated that many women experience the gynecological examination as discomforting, where feelings of anxiety, worry, fear, exposure, loss of control and mistrust illuminated some of the discomfort. The incidence of adequate information, a good approach and communication were some factors that contributed to the experience. Some women found the presence of a nurse during the examination as substantial. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 20
Keywords [en]
Experience, Gynecological examination, Nursing, Women
Keywords [sv]
Erfarenheter, Gynekologisk undersökning, Kvinnor, Omvårdnad, Upplevelser
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-41312OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-41312DiVA, id: diva2:1381797
Subject / course
Nursing
Educational program
Nursing Programme, 180 credits
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2020-01-02 Created: 2019-12-27 Last updated: 2020-01-02Bibliographically approved

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