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En lättnad eller en saknad?: Patienters upplevelse av att ha genomgått en benamputation orsakad av diabetes.
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
A relief or a loss? : Patients' experiences of having undergone a lower limb amputation caused by diabetes. (English)
Abstract [sv]

Diabetes progredierar mot ett folkhälsoproblem, vilket innebär att prevalensen av sjukdomen ökar drastiskt i hela världen. Sjukdomen medför en rad komplikationer, varav benamputation är en av de mer livsomvälvande komplikationerna. Patienternas upplevelse av benamputation är av intresse att undersöka då sjuksköterskans förståelse och kunskap om patientens situation ökar och kan bidra till utförandet av god omvårdnad. Syftet med litteraturstudien var att beskriva patienters upplevelse av benamputation orsakad av diabetes. Studiens metod utfördes som en allmän litteraturstudie med induktiv ansats. Nio artiklar som svarade till studiens syfte granskades och sammanställdes. Tre huvudkategorier framkom; brist på information, betydelsen av stöd samt emotionell berg- och dalbana. Patienterna beskriver en brist på information, om livet efter amputationen och processen tillbaka till ett självständigt liv. Familj och vänner beskrivs som ett stort stöd för vissa patienter medan andra finner ett likvärdigt stöd i professionell personal. Den emotionella berg- och dalbanan beskrivs som känslor som pendlar mellan orättvisa, lättnad, panik och tacksamhet efter amputationen. Sjuksköterskor rekommenderas att använda standardiserade och individuella vårdplaner som ett hjälpmedel i det dagliga arbetet med patienten för att säkerställa god och personcentrerad omvårdnad.

Abstract [en]

Diabetes progresses towards a public health issue worldwide and the prevalence increases. The illness causes several complications, which lower limb amputation is one of the more lifechanging complications. Patients’ experience of lower limb amputation is of interest to identify, which could increase nurses understanding and knowledge about the patients’ situation and the nurse’s ability to perform a safe and loving care. The aim of this study was to describe patients experience of undergoing a lower limb amputation caused by diabetes. The study was conducted as a general literature study with an inductive approach. Nine articles were found that matched this study’s aim and were reviewed and compiled. Main findings of the study results in three categories; lack of information, need for support and emotional roller coaster. The patients describe a lack of information about life and daily living after the amputation and the process towards being independent. Family and friends describes as very supportive by some patients and others find a equal support in professionals. The emotional roller coaster describes as feelings that are pendulating between injustice, relief, panic and gratefulness after the amputation. Recommendations towards nurses are that they should use standardized and individual care plans as an aid in their daily work around the patient to ensure good and person-centered nursing care.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 19
Keywords [en]
Amputation, Diabetes, Patients' experiences.
Keywords [sv]
Amputation, Diabetes, Patienters upplevelser.
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-41308OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-41308DiVA, id: diva2:1381732
Subject / course
Nursing
Educational program
Nursing Programme, 180 credits
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-12-27 Created: 2019-12-27 Last updated: 2019-12-27Bibliographically approved

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