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Patienters upplevelser av testikelcancer: En litteraturstudie
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Patients experiences of testicular cancer : A literature study (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Testikelcancer uppkommer främst hos män under 35 års ålder. Mortaliteten har minskat i de flesta länder samtidigt som incidensen beräknas att öka. Orsaken till insjuknandet av testikelcancer är okänd. En knöl i testikeln är oftast det vanligaste symtomet på testikelcancer. Sjuksköterskor beskrev en brist i kunskap angående testikelcancer. Syfte: Syftet var att beskriva patienters upplevelser av testikelcancer. Metod: Arbetet genomfördes som en allmän litteraturstudie. Datainsamlingen utfördes i tre databaser med inriktning på omvårdnadsforskning. Vetenskaplig kvalitet bedömdes och innehållsgranskningar genomfördes vilket genererade i tio resultatartiklar. Databearbetningen genomfördes som en innehållsanalys i fem steg. Resultat: Resultatet presenterades genom följande huvudteman: En vändpunkt i livet, Behandlingen gav besvär, Känslorna av maskulinitet påverkades och Oro inför framtiden. Det framkom i resultatet att få ett cancerbesked var en chockartad upplevelse. Fatigue, hårförlust och kirurgiska ärr upplevdes vara de mest besvärande biverkningarna. Patienterna upplevde att sin maskulinitet påverkades på olika sätt och fertilitet betraktades som en viktig aspekt. Det framkom att patienterna upplevde oro inför framtida förhållande och att återinsjukna i cancer. Slutsats: Sjuksköterskor behöver förståelse för patienternas upplevelser utav testikelcancer och därmed behövs mer forskning för att kunna bedriva en god evidensbaserad omvårdnad.

Abstract [en]

Background: Testicular cancer occurs primarily in men under the age of 35. The mortality has decreased in most countries and at the same time is the incidence expected to increase. The cause of testicular cancer is unknown. A lump in the testicle is the most common symptom of testicular cancer. Nurses has described a lack of knowledge about testicular cancer. Aim: The aim of the study was to describe patients experiences of testicular cancer. Method: The study was conducted as a general literature study. The datacollection was from three databases who had focus on nursing science. The research quality was assessed and content reviews was conducted which generated in ten resultarticles. The data processing was performed as a content analysis in five steps. Result: The result is presented through the following main themes: A turning point in life, The treatment caused problems, The feelings of masculinity were affected and Concerns about the future. It appeared in the results that receving cancer was a shocking experience. Fatigue, hair loss and surgical scars were found to be the most bothersome side effects. The patients felt that their masculinity was affected in different ways and fertility was considered an important aspect. It emerged that patients experienced worries about future relationships and to re-illness in cancer. Conclusion: Nurses need to understand patients experiences of testicular cancer and with that more research is required to able to conduct a good evidence-based nursing.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 17
Keywords [en]
Testicular cancer, Patients, Experience
Keywords [sv]
Testikelcancer, Patienter, Upplevelse
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-41290OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-41290DiVA, id: diva2:1381412
Subject / course
Nursing
Educational program
Nursing Programme, 180 credits
Presentation
2019-12-11, Halmstad, 14:30 (Swedish)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-12-23 Created: 2019-12-20 Last updated: 2019-12-23Bibliographically approved

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