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Civil Society and the Democratic Peace
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research. Peace Res Inst Oslo PRIO, Oslo, Norway.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5076-0994
Univ Florida, Dept Polit Sci, Gainesville, FL USA.
Lund Univ, Dept Polit Sci, Lund, Sweden.
2020 (English)In: Journal of Conflict Resolution, ISSN 0022-0027, E-ISSN 1552-8766, Vol. 64, no 1, p. 32-62Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We theorize that three distinct structures of democratic constraint explain why more democratic dyads do not engage in military conflict with each other. We build on earlier theories that focused on electoral and horizontal accountability. We add a new dimension-the social accountability provided by an active civil society. Using several new measures from the Varieties of Democracy (V-Dem) data set, we stringently test these explanations. We find social accountability to be the strongest and most consistent predictor of nonbelligerence in dyads, that horizontal accountability is still important, but that the independent role of electoral accountability has been somewhat overstated. However, we do find that social and electoral accountability work strongly together, to make for an even greater effect. The finding is robust to a range of specifications and in the face of controls for contending theories that challenge the democratic peace (e.g., the capitalist and territorial peace theories).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
SAGE PUBLICATIONS INC , 2020. Vol. 64, no 1, p. 32-62
Keywords [en]
democratic peace, interstate conflict, democratic institutions, dyadic conflict
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-400427DOI: 10.1177/0022002719850620ISI: 000500835600002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-400427DiVA, id: diva2:1381253
Available from: 2019-12-20 Created: 2019-12-20 Last updated: 2019-12-20Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
  • apa
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