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Mental Health Promotion Among University Students Using Text Messaging: Protocol for a Randomized Controlled Trial of a Mobile Phone–Based Intervention
Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Community Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6434-4855
Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Community Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8678-1164
2018 (English)In: JMIR Research Protocols, ISSN 1929-0748, E-ISSN 1929-0748, Vol. 8, no 8Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: There is a growing understanding that well-being and mental illness are 2 separate dimensions of mental health. High well-being is associated with decreased risk of disease and mental illness and increased longevity.

Objective: This study aims to test the efficacy of a mobile phone–based intervention on positive mental health.

Methods: We are conducting a 2-armed randomized controlled trial of university students in Sweden. Recruitment will last for 6 months by digital advertising (eg, university websites). Participants will be randomly allocated to either an intervention (fully automated mobile phone–based mental health intervention) or control group (treatment as usual). The primary outcome will be self-assessed positive mental health (Mental Health Continuum Short Form). Secondary outcomes will be self-assessed depression anxiety symptomatology (Hospital Anxiety Depression Scale). Outcomes will be investigated at baseline, at 3, 6, and 12 months after randomization. Mediators (positive emotions and thoughts) will be investigated at baseline, midintervention, and at follow-ups using 2 single face-valid items.

Results: Data will be collected between autumn 2018 and spring 2019. Results are expected to be published in 2020.

Conclusions: Strengths of the study include the use of a validated comprehensive instrument to measure positive mental health. Mechanisms of change are also investigated. A potential challenge could be recruitment; however, by setting a prolonged recruitment period, we believe that the study will recruit a sufficient sample.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Toronto, Canada: J M I R Publications, Inc. , 2018. Vol. 8, no 8
Keywords [en]
mental health; telemedicine; students; randomized controlled trial
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-162801DOI: 10.2196/12396ISI: 000484378000002PubMedID: 31418426Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85071484310OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-162801DiVA, id: diva2:1380477
Available from: 2019-12-18 Created: 2019-12-18 Last updated: 2020-03-27Bibliographically approved

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Thomas, KristinBendtsen, Marcus
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