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Integration of Sustainability Aspects in Product Portfolio
Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Strategic Sustainable Development. (Sustainable product development)
2020 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Several environmental issues are incrementing systematically, and many of them are linked to manufacturing activities. To mitigate these issues, it is necessary to develop sustainability solutions in the early stages of the innovation process, where there is room for creativity and innovation. The integration of sustainability at the strategic level of the company, where the essential decisions, the strategic plan, and the portfolio are developed, might ensure the implementation of sustainability aspects in products and services. Many companies develop product portfolios to organize and offer services, products, technologies and operations following the company strategy and targets. The portfolio components are assessed and selected using evaluation criteria. The most common criteria include: cost, quality, risk, revenue, time and market position. Usually sustainability is not included in the portfolio evaluation criteria.

The aim of this research is to obtain a better understanding of how sustainability can be integrated in the product portfolio development of manufacturing companies. The main research targets are to: 1) define sustainability product portfolio based on a comprehension of the academic and industry perspectives, 2) identify how companies currently implement sustainability in their portfolio, 3) determine which evaluation criteria and tools are used for portfolio development and 4) how the product portfolio is developed, implemented and managed.

A systematic literature review was performed to understand the state of the art about sustainability product portfolio. The literature review results supported the development of semi-structure interviews with companies and field experts. The interviews outcome provided a better understanding of the industry perspective. Afterwards, a workshop helped to understand what aspects are more significant for the portfolio evaluation criteria. Finally, a strategic sustainability assessment tool SLCA 2.0 was used to assess a technology product portfolio of a specific industry case.

The results from the studies created a foundation to: a) determine the state of art of the sustainability product portfolio field and its relevance for integration and implementation of sustainability in the early stages of the product innovation process, b) define the concept of sustainability product portfolio, c) have a better understanding of the setting and the application of the portfolio evaluation criteria and how to include sustainability in the evaluation, d) identify key factors to integrate and implement sustainability in the product portfolio, e) apply and test a tool for assessing a technology portfolio from a sustainability perspective and f) create a prototype of a model to develop  the product portfolio with a strategic sustainability perspective.

This research provides a knowledge foundation of how sustainability can be integrated in product portfolio. In future research a model will be developed to support companies of how to include a strategic sustainability perspective into their product portfolio to enhance development of more sustainable solutions.

 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlskrona: Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, 2020. , p. 157
Series
Blekinge Institute of Technology Licentiate Dissertation Series, ISSN 1650-2140 ; 2
Keywords [en]
Product portfolio, sustainability product portfolio, sustainable product development, portfolio evaluation criteria, early design phase, strategic sustainability, strategic plan.
National Category
Other Environmental Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:bth-19037ISBN: 978-91-7295-398-7 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:bth-19037DiVA, id: diva2:1380201
Presentation
2020-02-14, 12:54 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2019-12-18 Created: 2019-12-18 Last updated: 2020-01-08Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Sustainability Product Portfolio: A Review
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sustainability Product Portfolio: A Review
2018 (English)In: European Journal of Sustainable Development, ISSN 2239-5938, E-ISSN 2239-6101, Vol. 7, p. 146-158, article id 4Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Many companies have identified the importance of sustainable innovation for long-term competitiveness and recognition but face difficulties in translating sustainability strategies into practical action. Some companies have shown an interest to include sustainability dimensions into their product portfolio, which can be an efficient way to communicate the sustainability performance of the products internally and externally and even speed up the development of more sustainable solutions. Our research aims to determine how a sustainability portfolio can be defined and how to assess portfolios from a sustainability perspective. A systematic literature review on sustainability product portfolio was conducted. The results indicated that a general portfolio setting follows a selection criteria and the company´s strategies, which usually are based on management elements, e.g., time, cost, risk, quality, etc., leaving behind sustainability variables. Most of the tools used for evaluation criteria miss the holistic view. The companies could benefit from a systematic approach to implementing sustainability into their product portfolio. The findings were connected with a previous study to evaluate a sustainability assessment approach used for a technology portfolio. For future work, a descriptive study will complement an understanding on how to guide companies to shape their sustainability product portfolios.

Keywords
Sustainable product development, sustainability portfolio, product planning, portfolio management, product portfolio
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics Environmental Management
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-16970 (URN)10.14207/ejsd.2018.v7n4p146 (DOI)000446113700013 ()
Conference
The 6th ICSD International Conference on Sustainable Development, Rome
Note

open access

Available from: 2018-09-05 Created: 2018-09-05 Last updated: 2019-12-18Bibliographically approved
2. Sustainability product portfolio from an industrial perspective.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sustainability product portfolio from an industrial perspective.
(English)In: Submited to a JournalArticle in journal (Other academic) Submitted
Abstract [en]

Many companies decide which services, products and technologies to include in their product portfolio, using evaluation criteria, which often consider: cost, quality, risk, revenue, time, market position. Incorporating sustainability in the portfolio evaluation criteria might ensure the development of sustainable solutions from the early stages of the product development process, where there is more room for innovation. The aim of this paper is to understand how sustainability can be integrated in the company portfolio development. A systematic literature review was performed to support semi-structured interviews. Experts in the field and representatives from multinational manufacturing companies with operations in Sweden were interviewed. Main findings from this study are: a proposed definition of the sustainability product portfolio concept, and suggested portfolio evaluation criteria from an industry perspective. Future research will develop a method to guide manufacturing companies in the sustainability implementation in product portfolios.

Keywords
Product portfolio, sustainability product portfolio, sustainable product development, portfolio evaluation criteria, strategic sustainability, strategic plan.
National Category
Environmental Management
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-19081 (URN)
Note

The paper has been submited to a Journal, due to the blind review process it is not possible to include the name of the Journal

Available from: 2020-01-07 Created: 2020-01-07 Last updated: 2020-01-08Bibliographically approved
3. Additive manufacturing from a strategic sustainability perspective
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Additive manufacturing from a strategic sustainability perspective
Show others...
2018 (English)In: Proceedings of International Design Conference, DESIGN / [ed] Marjanović D., Štorga M., Škec S., Bojčetić N., Pavković N., Dubrovnik, Croatia: The Design Society, 2018, Vol. 3, p. 1381-1392Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

There are high expectations of additive manufacturing (AM) as a technology to improve manufacturing efficiency and reduce material waste. This study aims to clarify the sustainability advantages and challenges of AM technologies used in industry by testing and applying a strategic sustainability life cycle assessment in the early development stage. The result showed possibilities from using the tool and some areas of certain interest regarding improvement potentials of the AM technologies, i.e. value chain management, concept design, optimized material usage, and social sustainability

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Dubrovnik, Croatia: The Design Society, 2018
Keywords
additive manufacturing, life cycle assessment (LCA), product development, sustainability, aerospace industry
National Category
Environmental Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:bth-16967 (URN)10.21278/idc.2018.0353 (DOI)9789537738594 (ISBN)
Conference
15th International Design Conference, DESIGN 2018; Dubrovnik
Projects
STOSIP - STRATEGIC, TACTICAL AND OPERATIONAL IMPLEMENTATION OF SUSTAINABILITY INTO THE INNOVATION PROCESS
Funder
Knowledge Foundation
Note

open access

Available from: 2018-09-05 Created: 2018-09-05 Last updated: 2019-12-18Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
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